one of the twins who founded Rome and after who Rome is named
mysterious people who took over and influenced Rome about 600 B.C.
upper class who ran Roman government
ordinary citizen of Rome
the most powerful part of the Roman Republic
the two leaders of the Roman government
had the powers of a king, could hold office only 6 months
great emperor who wrote a code of laws, reorganized the army, and encouraged learning
seized power, became a dictator, was assasinated
first emperor, ruled wisely, highly respected
What were the advantages of Rome's location?
easily defendable hills, fertile farmland, a river
What did Rome borrow from the Etruscans?
gods and clothing
What kind of government was the Roman Republic?
citizens elected a Senate to rule them
What caused trouble between the Patricians and the Plebeians?
Plebeians wanted political power, the Patricians refused
What was true about the Plebians?
Plebeians refused to fight in the army until they got more rights
What was important about the Twelve Tablets?
they were laws that applied equally to all people
What caused problems in Rome after 120 B.C.?
Rome was divided by Civil War
How did Julius Caesar gain power?
he used his army to seize power
Why was Julius Caesar assassinated?
he took too much power away from the Senate
Who became the leader of Rome after Julius Caesar?
Describe Caesar Augustus' treatment of the Senate.
he was respectful
Describe how Rome treated his conquered provinces.
they were allowed to keep their way of life
What did the Romans expect from their provinces?
taxes and peace
What did the Romans borrow from the Greek?
sculpture and architectural ideas
What were some Roman building ideas?
concrete, domes, columns and arches
What Roman structures can be seen today?
Pantheon, Colosseum, aquaducts
Why is Roman law still important today?
many Roman laws are still used today
What shows that Roman life was similar to our own?
they enjoyed plenty of good food
What shows how Roman life was different from our own?
a father in Rome could sell his children
a religion that centered around a Jewish man named Jesus
what Jesus' followers called him
Books about Jesus' life and works
one of Jesus' followers who traveled throughout the Roman Empire telling about his teachings
Writings to groups of believers in Christianity
people who died because they believed in Jesus
When did tribes from Germany begin to invade and destroy the Roman Empire?
What made the Roman Empire difficult to control?
Was Rome able to get the money back they lost in declining trade with inflation?
Which was more loyal, Rome's army of mercernaries or earlier armies?
Which group of leaders was not able to maintain a strong economy in Rome?