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Muse

one of the nine sister goddesses who presided over certain arts and sciences

lyre

5-7 string instrument associated with the cult of Apollo

kithara

larger version of the lyre

aulos

wind instrument associated with the cult of Dionysus

doctrine of ethos

the belief that music affects character and that different kinds of music affect it in different ways

monophony

a musical texture consisting of a single line of melody

heterophony

a musical texture resulting from the performance of a monophonic melody by a large group of singers and/or instruments when some of the players would embellish the melody simultaneously with its plain performance by others in the ensemble

mode

the system of tonal organization that predates the modern major and minor scales

consonance

traditionally, a combination of tones that are pleasing or restful in contrast to dissonance

dissonance

traditionally, a combination of tones that, because of their tension, seeks resolution to a restful consonance

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