1. attempt to explain origin of earthly life
how much longer have native americans been in American than Europeans?
30 times longer
What disease wiped out thousands of Native Americans?
trail of tears
thousands of native americans relocated to territory west of mississippi
modern day indian reservatinos
poor conditions, impoverished, like a third world country
Which myth explains origin of the earth?
Earth on Turtles back
Which myth explains origin of people (man and woman)?
The Navajo Origin Legend
Earth on Turtles back shows that the Onondaga people placed importance on
What moral lesson is in Earth on Turtle's bck
If you don't suceed, try, try, again.
The Onondaga (and all native americans)
felt tremendous respect for nature
in Grizzlies walked upright, what natural phenomenon was exlained?
What do the grizzlies do that angers Chief?
adopt his daughter and marry her to their oldest son
when he punishes the grizzlies, it shows the chief is capable of
anger and revenge
Which myth explains origins of ice?
When Grizzlies Walked upright
What element in Navajo legend breathes life into corn and sustains all life?
In Navajo legend creation ceremony
1.people bathed and dried with cornmeal
2. buckskins, corn, and feathers laid on ground
3. the wind blew and mirage people transformed corn into people
Established a form of government
Tree of Great Peace represents
peace and strength
Iroquois placed high value on
Reasons Chief Joseph gives for surrendering?
1. people scattered and run away to hills
2. all main leaders are dead
3. people freezing to death
Who were Native American's fighting based on his speech?
His speech also serves to
bring attention to the suffering of the Native Americans
First permanent English settlement established at
Jamestown in 1607
Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Massachussets in year
Pilgrims who broke away from church of England were called
Pilgrims who wanted to reform the church from within
The puritan belief that God has already decided who will go to heaven or hell is called
1. hard work
Puritan style of writing
No drama or fiction...it was considered sinful
Pilgrims faced what kind of hardships on way over here?
Illness, death from diseases, lack of shelter and food during a difficult winter, fierce storms causing Mayflower disrepair
Purpose of Bradfords On Plymouth Plantation?:
1. To express faith in God
2. Record Pilgrims' experiences in new world
interesting life of Olaudah Equiano
describes horrors slaves faced during Middle Passage
Purpose of Olaudah to write this narrative
the change how people felt about slavery
slaves who tried to get extra fish from slave traders?
were flogged (whipped)
why did Olaudah get to go on deck?
because they didn't want him to die below because he was young and would be a huge financial loss to him
slaves jumped overboard
to commit suicide
religious movement that inspired sermons like Sinners in Hand of Angry God is
The Great Awakening
Edwards uses his Sinners sermon to
scare his congregation into begging for salvation
images Edwards uses in his speech Sinners in Hands...
fire and water
in Edwards speech Sinners in Hands...
He depicts humans as powerless in comparison to God
My Dear and loving Husband
she expresses how much she loves her husband and that their love is deep and lasting
In My Dear and Loving Husband
expresses Plain Style writing: uses simple, common words