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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Survival of the Fittest
  2. Pangaea
  3. Weathering
  4. Paleozoic Era
  5. Ice Cores
  1. a Long cylinders of ice used to study Earth's atmosphere. Trapped gases and dust inside the ice cores tell scientists when volcanoes erupted and how the climate used to be.
  2. b Organisms that are the fittest will live the longest and produce the most offspring. Then they pass their favorable characteristics onto their offspring.
  3. c When rocks are broken down into smaller pieces through actions by wind, water, roots, and animals.
  4. d The mega continent
  5. e The era of the Geologic Time Scale when life first appeared in the oceans. It came after Precambrian Time.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The era of the Geologic Time Scale when the dinosaurs both appeared and became extinct.
  2. The gradual change in a species over time.
  3. When two plates slide past each other. They cause earthquakes.
  4. A science word for "heavy." More dense things sink, less dense things float.
  5. A law that states in an undisturbed rock layer, the oldest rocks are always on the bottom and the youngest rocks are always on top.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Cenozoic EraThe current era of the Geologic Time Scale. It is when mammals and humans first appeared.


  2. Absolute DatingDetermining the age of an object in relation to other objects ("Estimate").


  3. MantleThe thickest layer of the Earth. It is where convection currents happen.


  4. Mid Atlantic RidgeChanges in earth's land, such as mountains, volcanoes, and earthquakes.


  5. Alfred WagnerThe scientist who proposed the theory of Continental Drift.


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