Charles de Montesquieu
A French philosopher who argue in favor of the separation of powers.
An English colony that enjoyed the most independence from Britain.
English Bill of Rights
Document that limited the English monarchy's ability to enact laws, raise taxes, or keep an army without Parliament's consent. (1689)
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Set of colonial laws that limited government and gave all free men the right to choose judges. (1639)
Belief that people should agreed to form a government to protect their rights.
Belief that government should have strict limits on the lawful use of power.
Document that limited the power of the English monarchy and helped established the rule of law. (1215)
Idea that people should have a say, through representatives of their own choosing, in their own government.
An English colony under the direct control of the king through an appointed governor.
Political ideas that traces back to ancient Greece and Rome.
New England Confederation
Four English colonies united to defend against attacks from Native Americans and Dutch colonies. (1643)
An alliance of Native American nations. (1570)
Tax stamp on paper goods and all legal documents.
First Continental Congress
A meeting where the colonial delegates gathered to decide how to respond to the abuses of authority by the British government.
Second Continental Congress
A meeting where the colonial delegates gathered to decide how to respond to the war between colonists and British troops.
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that inspired widespread support for independence in the colonies.
Each 13 states has its own constitution
Article Of Confederation
Document that was the first constitution of the United States.
It protected the individual rights of settlers by including a bill of rights.
Prevent state governors of Massachusetts from taking the farmers' farms.
Agreement that settled disputes between large and small states over how U.S government should be organized.
Agreement that determined how slaves would be counted in a state's population for representation in the House.
Group of people that supported the U.S constitution.
Group of people that opposed the U.S constitution.
Representation in the legislature was based on population.
Delegates that wrote the constitution.
New Jersey Plan
Proposal of a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states.
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments to the Constitution.
Essays written in support of the ratification.
Pen that was use to write the Federalists Papers
Rodney, Read & McKean
Guys from Delaware that sign the Declaration of Independence.