Islam Test

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These are the flash cards for the Islam test

An Oasis

A area in the desert fed by an underground well or spring

Nomads

Never stay in one place, travel tribe, people with no permanent home; move from place to place in search of food,

Mecca

Trade center built on Oasis, ran by Muhammad

Sunna

customs and traditions of early islam, (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran, A traditional Islamic law observed by orthodox Muslims and based on the teaching of Muhammad

Hegira

migration from Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, start of Islamic calendar, the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era

Ka'bah

holy temple of Mecca, dead set in the middle of mecca, central shrine; holiest place in Islam

Ishmael

founder of Mecca, Abraham's son by Hagar, Sarah's servant. The founder of the Arab tribes

Abraham

father of Ishmael, the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac

Black stone

meteorite placed in shrine (Ka

Sunni

a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad, a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad

Shiites

Muslims that believe that only direct descendants of Muhammad should become caliph

Expansion of Islam

rise and spread of Arabs around arab peninsula and east asia

Four rightly guided Caliphs

Abu bakr, Ali, Umar, Uthman

5 pillars,

declaration of faith, praying, fasting, charity, and travel to Mecca and visit the Hajj, all Muslims must follow

5 pillars Arabic version

shahada, salat, zakat, sawm, hajj

Hijab

Headscaf, a headscarf worn by Muslim women

Mosques

minaret, fountain, mihrab, minbar

Tomb

Taj Mahal

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