Carbon Compounds

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organic compounds

anything that contains carbon

chemical energy

What is stored in the bonds between atoms?

8

How many electrons do elements to be stable?

4

How many electrons do carbon need to be stable?

3

How many electrons can carbon share?

chain, branched chain, ring

What 3 shapes can carbon bonding form?

functional group

groups of atoms that determine the properties of a particular molecule

alcohol

Name one type of functional group.

alcohol

What has a hydroxyl group as the function group?

hydroxyl

What makes alcohol a polar molecule?

ethanol, methanol, glycerol

What are three types of alcohols?

assembling monomers

How are carbon compounds made?

monomers

simple, single units of molecules

polymers

many linked monomers

condensation reaction

a chemical reaction linking monomers together to form polymers

water

What forms during the process of condensation reaction?

hydrolysis

a chemical reaction that breaks polymers into monomers

ATP

the chemical molecule use by cells

hydrolysis

What does ATP undergoes by to release the energy in its bonds?

less

Does breaking ATP bonds requiring more or less energy than it gives off?

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