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Chapter 12 Social Studies Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Who fought the Battle of Little Bighorn? Who won the battle?
  2. What were some of the problems in Boom Towns?
  3. What were Boom Towns? Why did they happen so quickly?
  4. What did the Dawes Act try to do?
  5. What were some of the hard times the cowhands faced?
  1. a Boom Towns were prospector camps that grew into towns almost overnight. Businesses were set up in order to provide necessary items such as food, clothing, and tools for the miners.
  2. b The Dawes Act, created by reformers, tried to get the Native Americans more rights.
  3. c The Battle of Little Bighorn was fought between Native Americans (The Lakotas) and the United States Army. The Native Americans defeated Custer in this battle.
  4. d Cowhands faced long hours of work.
    They had poor sleeping quarters and low pay.
    They worked through dust storms, blazing heat, and icy blizzards.
  5. e Since the towns grew quickly, there were no officers at first. There were thieves, outlaws and dishonest gamblers that broke the law.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The two railroad lines met at Promontory Point, in Utah.
  2. Two of the major problems faced by the farmers were extreme weather and insects.
  3. A tradition is the handing down of information, beliefs, and customs from one generation to another.
  4. - It gave men who were at least 21 years old 160 acres of land.
    - The men had to pay $10 dollars for the land.
    - They had to settle on the land for five years.
    - They had to build a home within six months and grow crops.
  5. A reservation is public land set aside by the government for the use of a particular group of people.
    Native Americans were forced to live on the reservations because the settlers moving in pushed them out of their land.

5 True/False Questions

  1. What were some of the ways the Native Americans used the buffalo?The Native Americans used the buffalo for food, clothing, shelter and tools.


  2. What did Sarah Winnemucca do for the Native Americans?The Homestead Act encouraged people to move and settle in the West.


  3. What was the Ghost Dance?The Ghost Dance was a special dance that was danced to help the Plains Native Americans live peacefully and joyously.


  4. What did the Homestead Act try to get people to do?The Homestead Act encouraged people to move and settle in the West.


  5. Why was Texas a good place to raise cattle?The flat, grassy land in Texas was a perfect feeding area for raising cattle.


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