#2 Drug Classifications

15 terms by instructorsue 

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antidepressant

prevents or relieves symptoms of depression (Tofranil, Marplan, Nardil)

antidiabetic

Used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus; lowers blood glucose levels; includes insulin & oral hypoglycemics.

antidiarrheal

prevents or relieves diarrhea; inhibits peristalsis and reduces fecal volume (Keopectate, Lomotil, Pepto-Bismol)

antidote

a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison (Narcan)

antiemetic

prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting (Dramamine, Marinol, Phenergan, Reglan, Tigan)

antiflatulent

relieve discomfort of excess gas and bloating in the GI tract

antifungal

an agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi

antigout

Used in the treatment of active gout attacks or to prevent future attacks: colchicine (Novocolchine) Uric Acid inhibitor: Probenecid (benemid)

antihistamine

acts to prevent the action of histamine (allergies) (Allegra, Benadryl, Dimetane)

antihyperlipidemic

used to lower abnormally high blood levels of fatty substances (lipids). (Lipitor, Lopid, Mevacor, Nicobid, Zocor)

antihypertensive

prevents or controls high blood pressure (Catapres, Aldomet, Lopressor)

antimanic

used for treatment of manic episode of manic-depressive and bipolar disorder (lithium)

antimigraine

causes vasoconstriction in large intracranial arteries, (Sumatriptan)

antineoplastic

prevents the replication of neoplastic cells; used to treat tumors (Myleran, Cytoxan)

antiparkinsonian

used for palliative relief of major symptoms of Parkinson disease (L-Dopa, Requip, Symmetrel, Tasar)

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