"Revolution of 1800"
Thomas Jefferson's reference to his election. Considered revolutionary due to the turmoil that has occurred in Adams' presidency. Election was decided in the House of Representatives.
Judiciary Act of 1801
Passed in Adams' final month of presidency -- revised the original Judiciary Act of 1789 -- establish 16 circuit courts instead of 6, and each was headed by a new judge. Reduced Supreme Court to 5 justices. This act helped lead to the Marbury vs. Madison case
Jefferson's Inaugural Address
"We are all Federalists, we are all Republicans" Jefferson (a Republican) declared that he wanted to keep the nation unified and avoid partisan conflicts
Occurred when France and England had resumed war again. The British were wary of America, thinking they were sending help to France - they would stop American ships and inspect them - to see if the ships held British deserters, aid for France, or anyone that seemed suspicious - would seize them
Resulted in the Chesapeake and Leopold incident
Chesapeake and Leopold
Event occurred due to impressment by the British.
Chesapeake was an American ship, Leopold was a British ship.
Leopold told Chesapeake to stop for inspection. Chesapeake refused to stop; Leopold opened fire, killing 3 Americans in the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. Resulted in the passing of the Embargo Act of 1807
Embargo Act of 1807
Purpose was to forestall war - all foreign ports were banned - meant to discourage illegal trading - Jefferson believed England needed America more than they needed England. Act was a disaster; American ended up suffering because of the Act more than England had
Judges that were appointed during the last few days of Adams' presidency. Were appointed because Adams' wanted to keep Federalism in the government.
Marbury vs. Madison
Landmark Supreme Court case in 1803. Presided by John Marshall - said that Marbury's commission was valid and that Jefferson should have had it delivered, but the court could not make him do it. Significance was that the old Judiciary Act conflicted with the Constitution. Marshall also had silently helped to establish judicial review.