History Test 1 Ian R

Created by ianpaul7 

Upgrade to
remove ads

44 terms

Continent

one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned as seven in number (Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica).

Hemisphere

splits the earth in to two, half of a sphere

equator

a longitude line that goes arount the earth in the middle, an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant from the north and south poles

longitude

an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

degrees

used to measure temperature, latitude, longitude, right ascsension, and declination

meridian

an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator

Prime Meridian

meridian at zero degree longitude from which east and west are reckoned (usually the Greenwich longitude in England)

Parrallel

is the Tropic of Cancer a parallel or meridian

Cardinal Directions

North, South, East, and West

Intermediate Directions

Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest

Compas Rose

a directional arrow that shows cardinal and sometimes intermediate directions on a map

Scale

Generally, the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.

Symbol

something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible

Map Key

explains the lines, symbols, and colors used on a map

Locator

small map insert on the corner of a map

Polital Map

a map that shows the boundaries of states and countries

Elevation Map

a type of physical map that shows the height of the land above sea level.

Relief Map

A map that shows the differences in elevation in an area

Historical Map

a map that shows information about past events and where they occured.

Distribution Map

map that shows how products, population, language, religion, etc.

Region

a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth

Geography

study of the earth's surface

Landform

feature of Earth's surface (examples: mountains, valley, hill, plain, mesa)

Climate

the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time

Culture

the raising of plants or animals

Culture

the raising of plants or animals

Customs

a common practice among members of a family or a society

Values

beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something)

History

the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings

Oral Tradition

pass down from one generation to another by word of mouth

Artifact

an object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period

Primary Source

text that tells a first-hand account of an event; original works used when researching (letters, journals)

Secondary Source

information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event

Archaeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures

Prehistory

the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word

Old Stone Age

The period of human prehistory that lasted until about 12,000 years ago, during which stone tools were the most common technology used by humans

New Stone Age

latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)

Hunter-Gatherer

a member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods.

Agriculture

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

Domesticate

make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans

Trade

the skilled practice of a practical occupation

Civilization

Has cities, a central government, workers who do speacialized jobs, and special classes., a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)

Surplus

a quantity much larger than is needed

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set