# History Test 1 Ian R

### 44 terms by ianpaul7

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### Continent

one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned as seven in number (Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica).

### Hemisphere

splits the earth in to two, half of a sphere

### equator

a longitude line that goes arount the earth in the middle, an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant from the north and south poles

### longitude

an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator

### latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

### degrees

used to measure temperature, latitude, longitude, right ascsension, and declination

### meridian

an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator

### Prime Meridian

meridian at zero degree longitude from which east and west are reckoned (usually the Greenwich longitude in England)

### Parrallel

is the Tropic of Cancer a parallel or meridian

### Cardinal Directions

North, South, East, and West

### Intermediate Directions

Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest

### Compas Rose

a directional arrow that shows cardinal and sometimes intermediate directions on a map

### Scale

Generally, the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.

### Symbol

something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible

### Map Key

explains the lines, symbols, and colors used on a map

### Locator

small map insert on the corner of a map

### Polital Map

a map that shows the boundaries of states and countries

### Elevation Map

a type of physical map that shows the height of the land above sea level.

### Relief Map

A map that shows the differences in elevation in an area

### Historical Map

a map that shows information about past events and where they occured.

### Distribution Map

map that shows how products, population, language, religion, etc.

### Region

a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth

### Geography

study of the earth's surface

### Landform

feature of Earth's surface (examples: mountains, valley, hill, plain, mesa)

### Climate

the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time

### Culture

the raising of plants or animals

### Culture

the raising of plants or animals

### Customs

a common practice among members of a family or a society

### Values

beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something)

### History

the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings

pass down from one generation to another by word of mouth

### Artifact

an object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period

### Primary Source

text that tells a first-hand account of an event; original works used when researching (letters, journals)

### Secondary Source

information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event

### Archaeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures

### Prehistory

the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word

### Old Stone Age

The period of human prehistory that lasted until about 12,000 years ago, during which stone tools were the most common technology used by humans

### New Stone Age

latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)

### Hunter-Gatherer

a member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods.

### Agriculture

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

### Domesticate

make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans

the skilled practice of a practical occupation

### Civilization

Has cities, a central government, workers who do speacialized jobs, and special classes., a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)

### Surplus

a quantity much larger than is needed

Example: