Midterm

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Gallaudet College for the Deaf in Washington, D.C.

The government's first commitment to special education was the establishment in 1864 of?

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

What act and its subsequent amendments made available to schools large amounts of money with which to serve child 3-21 years of age who were educationally disadvantages and who were disabled?

Head Start Program

The Economic Opportunity and Community Partnership Act of 1974 required ______________ in each state to serve a minimum of 10% of children with disabilities?

Even Start Family Literacy Program

Which program offers services to low income families with chidlren birth through 7 by integrating early childhood education, adult education, parent education and interactive literacy activities?

Natural Environments

_______ enable delivery of services to young children with special needs in setting that are typical for other children of that age.

be reading at grade level by 3rd grade

no child left behind had as its primary goal that every child would be _____________

section 504

_________ prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in any state or local government program or activity that receives federal funding

americans with disabilities act

_________ aimed at mostly employment setting

those that exhibit developmental deficits as a result of environmental and biological factors

early intervention has focused on two major groups of children:

development delay

Other than speech language delays, more preschool children are served under this category?

Development

what refers to the rerfinment, improvement and expansion of existing skills through the refinement of cells already present

cephalocaudal development

__________ describes the progression of body control from head to the lower parts of the body

Sensitive and critical periods

__________ are times during which specific condition or stimulus is necessary for the normal developemnt

germinal, embryonic, fetal

the prenatal period is divided into which three stages?

neonatal

the ________ is the transitional time from intrauterine to independent existence

infant

____________ describes the growth and development of the child from about 4th week through the 2nd year of life

pruning

while the brain is growing and maturing, the brain is also___________ to become more efficient

parity

maternal age and _________ provide clues related to fetal devleopment

teratogen

a _________ is anything external to the fetus that causes later structural or functional disabilities

embryonic stage

many major birth defects occur during which stage of development?

fragile X and fetal alcohol syndrome

which disabilities in males are two of the leading known causes of mental retardation in the us?

reflex model

which model proposed that the infant is born with a repertoire of innate movement patterns that serve as the foundation for later movement which progress from primitive, reflexive control to voluntary control of movement?

spastic quadriplegia

what is the most severe type of cerebral palsy?

traumatic brain injury

what is the leading cause of death and disability in children in the us?

duchenne's muscular dystrophy

which of these is a degenerative disease?

motor vehicle accidents, falls, and violence and abuse

which of these is the leading causes for spinal cord injury?

down syndrome

which of these is a genetic disorder that results from chromosomal abnormality causing a number of physical and cognitive abnormalities?

to identify the degree of motor impairment in the child

which is the first function most families experience in the use of assessment

occupational therapist

who views the child within his physical, social, and cultural environment, examining how the environment influences the child's performance in such areas as self care, play, and schoolwork

physical therapist

who is concerned with children's function related to posture and movement

corner seats, supine stander, and backward walker

which of these is assistive technology for gross motor intervention

development of control in extension, back to sleep/stomach to play, standing and walking

which is the correct order in the stages of gross motor development

prematurity, institutionalized children, sociocultural factors

which factors affect gross motor development

postural reactions

what types of reactions develop that help to keep the child upright with respect to gravity and protect him in case of a balance

fine motor control

what is defined as a child's ability to functionally reach, grasp, and release objects for purposeful manipulation of toys and tools?

grasp

what is the attainment of an object with the hand?

use of a spoon, use of a knife, drinking from a cup

what is the correct order of the stages of self-feeding development

dyspraxia

what is impairment in the ability to conceptualized and plan non habitual motor tasks, results in poor execution of those tasks?

exaggerated wrist flexion

which of these would be an atypical example of releasing?

learning disability

some children with ___________ exhibit minor oral motor problems during mealtimes, particularly oral dyspraxis

sensory integrative disfunction

________ is an inability to organize and process sensory information in the absence of known neurological or sensory receptor abnormality

all the above

which questions will the evaluator want to ask when assessing fine motor skills?

play

_____________ is a primary occupation of a child when being assessed

occupational therapy and speech language pathologist

oral motor problems are evaluated by professional in ____________ and ___________

velcro in place of buttons, button hook, elastic waistbands

what is/are an example(s) of adaptive equipment for dressing

chin tuck

_________ refers to the normal resting posture of the head in which the chin is in neutral position and the neck is elongated

radial palmar grasp

what type of grasp is it when the grasp of small objects progresses from the ulnar or little finger side of the hand to the radial or thumb side of the hand

logical thought

what is the ability to use meaningful information to make decisions to solve problems

piaget

who viewed devleopment as an unfolding of ever more complex skills as children modify their mental structures to deal with new experiences

assimilation

in _____________, a child interprets new experiences only in terms of schemata that he already has

sensorimotor and preoperational thought

what are the first two periods of cognitive development

object permanence

what is the knowledge that an object continues to exist even though it is out of sight

vygotsky

who concentrated ont he role of language and culture, describing the roles of instruction, play, help, and learning

zone of proximal development

what describes the gap between what the child can currently do on his own and what he can do with help or guidance

age of parents, illness, and genetic abnormalities

which of these factors affect cognitive development

autism spectrum disorder

which disorder makes it difficult to process snesory input and as a consequence may show exaggerated responses or no response to stimuli?

8-12 months

at what stage in attainment of object permanence should a child be able to search for objects seen being hidden

centration

what stage of the properational period is occuring when successful problem solving requires that a child attend to many attributes of an object as one time

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