the replacement of one ruling group with another
a resistance to authority; often an armed uprising against a government
Lexington and Concord
Massachusetts towns that were the sites of outbreak of the American Revolution
plantation owner who took command of the Continental Army in 1775- eventually 1st president of the U.S
Betrayal of your country
Bostonian lawyer who supported a break from Great Britain; defended the British soldiers of the Boston Massacre; 2nd president
A government controlled by the people
someone who wanted to break away from Great Britain during the American Revolution
someone who remained loyal to Great Britain during the American Revolution
nickname for some of the New England militias, who could be ready "at a minutes notice"
What were the advantages of the British before the war?
See the "Revolution: Advantages" document
How did Americans feel towards Great Britain before Common Sence was published (after the Battles at Lexington/Concord and Bunker Hill and before the Declaration of Independence)?
"Americans directed their anger towards Parliment and the king's ministers, not the king himself. Outwardly, at least, they remained loyal to the king."
How did Common Sence change the way people in the colonies felt about the Great Britain?
After reading it, more people felt angry at the king and favored a fight for independence.
What did the Declaration of Independence accomplish?
It cut the ties with Great Britain which, made the United Colonies of America into the United States of America, made Americans into free citizens of their own nation ( as long as they won the war)
Who did Thomas Jefferson intend to include in the following statement from the declaration of independence: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal"?
We can be sure of only two things: He meant to make it clear that colonists were equal to citizens in Great Britain. Other groups seeking freedom in America have been inspired by the words, and some have used them to strengthen their position (Like Dr. MLK, Jr. in his "I have a dream speech.)
How did the declaration of Independence need to be changed in order to win the support of the southern colonies?
Unfortunatley, a paragraph attacking slavery was taken out of the Declaration of Independence (against Jefferson's wishes) in order to keep the south from joining the British.
How did Americans manage to escape final defeat after the Battle of Long Island?
Under the cover of fog.
How did the Americans manage to escape final defeat with a succesful surprise attack in Trenton, even though the Hessians knew they were coming?
A few farmers (unbeknownst to Washington) attacked the Hessians shortly before Washington arrived. The skirmish only lasted a few minutes. The Hessians thought the farmers were Washington's troops and let down their guard.
How did the battle of Trenton affect the outcome of the war?
Americans were amazed by the victory and more sighned up for service, saving Washington's army from certain defeat.
How did the American victory at the battle of Saratoga affect the outcome of the war?
France was convinced they should help; their navy made the victory at Yorktown possible (it helped surround the British so they couldnt escape by sea).
What new territory did the Americans gain from the British after the American Revolution?
Mississippi became the Western border of the United Stares. Spain got Florida and England kept Canada.
What political challenge did the Americans gain from the British after the American Revolution?
They would have to decide how much power to give to their new government.