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psychology midterm Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. decay theory
  2. episodic
  3. cognition
  4. endorphins
  5. Stimulants
  1. a when a memory isn't used it fades with time and disappears
  2. b The process of acquiring, storing, retrieving, and using information
  3. c "morphine within"--natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control and to pleasure.
  4. d drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, and Ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions
  5. e describes a type of memory that includes specific events that one has personally experienced

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a decision-making approach in which alternatives are evaluated against criteria that have been ranked according to importance
  2. punishment that occurs with the removal of a stimulus and decreasing the probability of a behavior's recurring
  3. interpretations that compare subjects with a standard of performance
  4. is kept for up to 2 seconds
  5. Briefly holds information for the senses

5 True/False Questions

  1. cortisolsecreted from the adrenal cortex, aids the body during stress by increasing glucose levels and suppressing immune system function


  2. g factorLearning; Concepts: Classical conditioning terms, behavioral conditioning; Study Basics: Classical conditioning—conditioned fear into infants (including Little Albert) in order to examine how fears are learned and generalized


  3. KohlerA Gestalt psychologist who helped developed insight learning based on experiments with a chimp trying to get bananas, and also came up with the theory of isomorphism


  4. Circadian RhythmsSleep evolved to keep humans out of harms way during the night, possibly from becoming prey


  5. Nondeclarativethis is when a memory is held by meaning rather than visually or acuostically, this is normally the case with the long term memory


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