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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. cognition
  2. Positive Punishment
  3. positive reinforcement
  4. Nondeclarative
  5. operant conditioning
  1. a The storing of motor skills, habits, and simple classically conditioned responses.
  2. b Following an undesired response by adding an unpleasant stimulus to decrease the likelihood of the behavior reoccurring
  3. c increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. A positive reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response.
  4. d The process of acquiring, storing, retrieving, and using information
  5. e The consequences of behavior are manipulated to increase or decrease the frequency of an existing response or shape a new one.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. behaviorism; pioneer in operant conditioning; behavior is based on an organism's reinforcement history; worked with pigeons
  2. a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
  3. this is when a memory is held by meaning rather than visually or acuostically, this is normally the case with the long term memory
  4. Internally generated patterns of body functions, including hormonal signals, sleep, blood pressure, and temperature regulation, which have approximately a 24-hour cycle and occur even in the absence of normal cues about whether it is day or night
  5. bringing stored material to mind

5 True/False Questions

  1. criterion referencedresults are based on the candidate's performance relative to the others.


  2. linguistic relativity hypothesisthe concept that the language a person speaks largely determines the nature of that person's thoughts


  3. analogy heuristica rule of thumb that applies a solution that solved a problem in the past to a current problem that shares many features with the past problem


  4. Stimulantsmaintaining information in memory


  5. Binet-Simon Intelligence ScaleContained items arranged in order of increasing difficulty. Measured vocab, memory, common knowledge, and other cognitive abilities
    Scale IQ = mental age/chronological age x 100


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