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psychology midterm Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Circadian Rhythms
  2. schemas
  3. elimination by aspects
  4. Tolman
  5. heuristic
  1. a He believed learning happened regardless of reinforcement and Normal learning produces a cognitive map of the environment
  2. b a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
  3. c a decision-making approach in which alternatives are evaluated against criteria that have been ranked according to importance
  4. d Internally generated patterns of body functions, including hormonal signals, sleep, blood pressure, and temperature regulation, which have approximately a 24-hour cycle and occur even in the absence of normal cues about whether it is day or night
  5. e frameworks of knowledge we have about people, objects, and events, Sir Frederick Bartlett

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Basing the estimated probability of an event on the ease with which relevant instances come to mind.
  2. an approach to the study of mental structures and processes that uses the computer as a model for human thinking created by Klatzky
  3. mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
  4. in operant condtionong, a reinforcment schedule that reinforces a response at an unpredictable time intervals.
  5. theory of sleep proposing that sleep is necessary to the physical health of the body and serves to replenish chemicals and repair cellular damage.

5 True/False Questions

  1. linguistic relativity hypothesistheory of sleep proposing that sleep is necessary to the physical health of the body and serves to replenish chemicals and repair cellular damage.

          

  2. languagemaintaining information in memory

          

  3. concepta mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people

          

  4. recognitionThe process of acquiring, storing, retrieving, and using information

          

  5. Circadian TheorySleep evolved to keep humans out of harms way during the night, possibly from becoming prey

          

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