Deviance and Social Control

41 terms by fordhamlatincatullus 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

social deviance

Any transgression of socially established norms

informal deviance

Minor violations of social norms

formal deviance

Violations of laws enacted by society

social cohesion

Way people form social bonds, relate to each other, and get along

mechanical solidarity

Social cohesion based on sameness

organic solidarity

Social cohesion based on difference and interdependence

collective conscience

Set of social norms by which a society and its members abide

punitive justice

Making offenders suffer and thus defining boundaries of acceptable behavior

rehabilitative justice

Examining special circumstances of offenders and attempting to find ways to rehabilitate them

restitutive

Attempting to restore the status quo by making offenders repay the victims what they have lost

social control

Set of mechanisms that create normative compliance in individuals

normative compliance

Acts of abiding by society's norms

informal social sanctions

Unspoken rules and expectations about people's behavior

formal social sanctions

Rules of laws that prohibit deviant criminal behavior

Durkheim's functions of of deviance

Deviance keeps society together

social integration

Degree to which one is integrated in society

social regulation

Degree to which one is guided by rules and expectations of society

egoistic

Suicide that occurs when one experiences too little social integration. Have to feel like they have affected the world

altruistic

Suicide that occurs when one experiences too much social integration. Army officer who has let squad down

anomic

Suicide that occurs as a result of too little social regulation. What can I be sure of?

fatalistic

Suicide that occurs as a result of too much social regulation. Nothing will ever change.

Merton and strain theory

Deviance occurs when a society does not give all its members equal ability to achieve socially acceptable goals Based on socially appropriate goals and socially appropriate means for achieving them

conformist

Accepts both appropriate goals and appropriate means

ritualist

Rejects appropriate goals, but accepts appropriate means

innovator

Accepts appropriate goals, but rejects appropriate means

retreatist

Rejects both appropriate goals and appropriate means

rebel

Rejects both appropriate goals and means, and wants to alter or destroy the very social institution that alienated her/him

labeling theory

Those labeled and treated as deviant come to internalize the label and thus become more deviant

Primary deviance

First act of rule breaking that may result in the ruler breaker being labeled "deviant"

Secondary deviance

Acts of rule breaking that occur after primary deviance and as a result a person's new deviant label

Stigma

Negative social label

differential association theory

Those who associate with deviants learn deviant acts and thus are more likely to commit deviance Criminal behavior is learned through social interaction

broken window theory

People commit deviant acts according to social context and social cues of disorder Criminal behavior is based on local social norms

street crime

Crime committed in public

white-collar crime

Crime committed by a professional against a corporation, agency, etc.

differential opportunity theorem

People commit crimes based on legitimate and illegitimate economic structures of opportunity in society Crime is dictated by relative returns on opportunities in legitimate and illegitimate economies

deterrence theory

People commit crime based on a rational calculation of its costs and benefits

specific deterrence

When criminal justice system attempts to prevent criminals from committing more crimes

general deterrence

When a criminal previously punished opts not to commit further crimes

recidivism

When a criminal previously punished reverts back to criminal behavior

Discipline and Punish- Foucault (1975)

examines the emergence of the modern penal system Pre-modern: Focus on the body Modern: Focus on the "soul" Disciplinary techniques: Modes of monitoring, examining, and regimenting individuals that are diffused throughout society Penal practices are indicative of how social control is exercised in society

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set