LCSW EXAM HUMAN DIVERSITY

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Assessments include

-the extent to which an individual client has been exposed to such prejudice
-the effect it has had on the individual and
-the individual's way of dealing with it

Diversity

An issue that relates to differences among people in groups and communities, including between yourself and the clients you serve.

Ethnic culture

A special form of culture that usually involves
- a common ancestry or history
- a common language
-An important basis for an individual's identity
-Ethnic culture an important basis for political action
-Ethnic cultures blend

Native American Culture

Sense of connectedness to self, environment, ancestors, family, community & land
-Continuity between natural and spiritual phenomena
-Unity between mind, body and spirit
-Physical & mental illness result of spirit intrusion
-Use of herbal remedies or participation in ritual healing ceremonies
-assessment to determine level of acculturation
-Take into consideration distrust of institutions and professionals due to history of oppression or personal exposure to exploitation and prejudice mistakenly interpreted as a personality trait of pathological; paranoia

Asian Americans

...

Asian, Pacific Island Culture

Broad range of cultures included
FAMILY: Family structured roles, male-hierarchical, elders are revered - defer to parents and grandparents; great importance on family honor
VALUES:Family continuity, filial piety, avoidance of shame, and self-control, family honor, emphasis on the good of everyone over individual
CULTURAL: Sense unity between mind, body & spirit
HEALTH AND MENTAL HEALTH:
-Individual's self-control and emotional restraint may be an expression of cultural norms
-Observing cultural proprieties is important before beginning a serious discussion of issues
-TX of choice is direct, short term, problem solving
may avoid eye contact and reluctant to discuss deel emotions
reluctant to share private matters with strangers
mental illness is shame on the family, impacts help seeking behaviors but seeking help for physical problems is okay
- indigenous healers or within the family
-Recommend treatment that emphasizes self-control, use of will power and suppression of disturbing thoughts

Latino Culture

Second most numerous and fastest growing ethnic group in U.S.
-Patriarchal and hierarchical family
intergenerational bonds in a cohesive large and extended family
-Mental and physical function are are not sharply differentiated
-Indigenous healers and folk remedies used
-Santeria is the belief held by some Puerto Ricans and Cubans that both good and bad spirits attach themselves to individuals at birth and influence the life
-Supernatural causes such as punishment by God or us of supernatural means by other people
-Take into consideration distrust of institutions and professionals due to history of oppression or personal exposure to exploitation and prejudice mistakenly interpreted as a personality trait of pathological; paranoia

Leon Chestang "Black Experience"

Nuturing system vs Sustaining system
NURTURING: family, friends, immediate community (where a person is veiwed and loved as a unique individual)
SUSTAINING: institutions of the larger society (where the person is educated, employed, and is envolved in the economic and political world)
"DUAL PERSPECTIVE" where the person must constantly shift between worlds, for minority people this can evoke conflict

Bicultural Identity

Leon Chestang: Diff. forms of adaptation
TRADITIONAL: behavior, values, beliefs and individuals of a diverse group that are distinct from those of the majority group: strong ethnic identity
MARGINAL: do not adhere too closely to the values and behaviors of the ethnic group or of larger society, often results in cultural conflict
ASSIMILATION: value norms of the sustaining system, devalue norms in nurtuing system
BICULTURAL ADAPTATION: integrate the norms, values, beliefs of their ethnic group and larger society

African American Culture

Largest ethnic group in the U.S.
-Culture reflects regional variations, urban/rural variations
-Strong kinship bonds & seen as important
-Multi-generational households.
-male/female roles are egalitarian
-children are expected to respect elders
-deep sense of mutual responsibility
-Acceptance of broader culture's biomedical -view of mental health problems
-Emphasis on religion and spirituality
-Consideration: Distrust of institutions and professionals due to history of oppression or personal exposure to exploitation and prejudice mistakenly interpreted as a personality trait of pathological; paranoia

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