Base triplet at one end of a tRNA molecule that recognizes a particular complementary codon on an mRNA molecule
Three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid or termination signal
Catalyzes the covalent bonding of the 3' end of a new DNA fragment to the 5' end of a growing chain
Enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA by the addition of nucleotides to the existing chain
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynucleotide strands wound into a spiral shape
A type of viral replication cycle resulting in the release of new phages by death or lysis of the host cell.
A type of RNA that attaches to ribosomes in the cytoplasm and specifies the primary structure of a protein.
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymerase and indicates where to start transcribing RNA.
The way a cell's mRNA-translating machinery groups the mRNA nucleotides into codons.
Enzyme encoded by some RNA viruses that uses RNA as a template for DNA synthesis.
An enzyme that links together the growing chain of ribonucleotides during transcription
The alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which the DNA and RNA nitrogenous bases are attached.
An RNA molecule that functions as an interpreter between nucleic acid and protein language
The synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic information encoded in an mRNA molecule
When the RNA carrying the growing polypeptide moves from the A site to the P site on the ribosome.
A set of three-nucleotide-long words that specify the amino acids for polypeptide chains