Cell Theory & Types of Cells

20 terms by amcdaniel999 

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cell

smallest living unit

cell theory

1) all living things are composed of cells
2) cells are the basic unit of structure and function of life
3) new cells come from old cells --> life comes from life

organelles

structure that performs job inside a cell

prokaryotes

do not keep DNA in nucleus

eukaryotes

keep DNA safe in a nucleus

nucleus

holds and keeps DNA safe; a vault for DNA; plants/animals

nucleolus

produces ribosomes; plants/animals

ribosomes

produce protein; plants/animals

centriole

involved in cell division; animals

cell wall

protects inside of cell from injury and gives cell structure; plants/animals

cell membrane

separates inner and exterior cell; acts like glue to hold cell together; plants/animals

chloroplast

captures light energy to conserve free energy; plants

vacuole

isolates harmful material, removes waste, exports unwanted material, holds water in plant cells; plants/animals

mitochondria

converts energy stored in food into compounds that the cell uses

cytoplasm

Portion of the cell outside the nucleus, holds all the organelles together

lysosome

Break down proteins into small molecules that can be used by the rest of the cell

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

stores steriods

rough endoplasmic reticulum

involved in the making of proteins

golgi aparatus

modifies, sorts, packages & "ships" proteins

vesicle

Store and transport materials between cell organelles

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