AP Lang Vocab 6

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Adulation

noun excessive devotion to someone; servile flattery. admiration

Antediluvian

adjective of or belonging to the period before the Flood.
very old, old-fashioned, or out of date; antiquated; primitive: antediluvian ideas.

Candor

noun the state or quality of being frank, open, and sincere in speech or expression; candidness: The candor of the speech impressed the audience.
freedom from bias; fairness; impartiality: to consider an issue with candor.

Debase

verb (used with object), -based, -bas•ing.
to degrade in some way
to lower in rank, dignity, or significance: He wouldn't debase himself by doing manual labor.

Enigmatic

adjective resembling an enigma; perplexing; mysterious.

Expatiate

verb (used without object), -at•ed, -at•ing.
to enlarge in discourse or writing; be copious in description or discussion: to expatiate upon a theme. to speak or write elaborately or in great length

Foist

verb (used with object) to force upon or impose fraudulently or unjustifiably (usually followed by on or upon )to bring, put, or introduce surreptitiously or fraudulently(usually followed by in or into ): to foist political views in to a news story.

Nascent

adjective beginning to exist or develop: the nascent republic. beginning to display signs of potential

Propitious

adjective presenting favorable conditions; favorable: propitious weather.
indicative of favor; auspicious: propitious omens favorably inclined; disposed to bestow favors or forgive: propitious gods.

Rakish

adjective Having or displaying a dashing, jaunty, or slightly disreputable quality or appearance. disreputable but charming

Supplicate

verb Ask or beg for something earnestly or humbly

Transcendent

(a.) Going beyond ordinary limits; surpassing; exceeding
(n.) Transcendental function
above and beyond

Truculent

adjective eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant.

Wan

adjective of an unnatural or sickly pallor; pallid; lacking color showing or suggesting ill health, fatigue, unhappiness, lacking in forcefulness, competence, or effectiveness: theirwan attempts to organize the alumni. lacking vitality

Wheedle

- verb Employ endearments or flattery to persuade someone to do something or give one something: "you can wheedle your way onto a court". Coax or persuade someone to do something.

Abate

make less severe by natural occurrence to diminish in intensity, violence, amount.

Amnesty

general pardon for offenses, especially political offenses.

Choleric

extremely irritable or easily angered, irascible

Elan

dash; impetuous ardor, energy, enthusiasm

Encomium

a formal expression of high praise; eulogy

Erudition (Erudite)

knowledge acquired by study, research. Showing knowledge or scholarship

Imperious

domineering in a haughty manner; dictatorial; overbearing; arrogant

Machination

crafty schemes, plots, intrigues

Mitigate

to lessen in force or intensity, as wrath, grief; YOU make it less severe

Ostentatious

characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous; showing off in a vulgar manner

Pernicious

causing insidious harm or ruin, ruinous, hurtful

Prodigious

extraordinary in size, amount, extent; remarkably great

Askance

with suspicions mistrust or disapproval with a side glance, sideways, obliquely

Abet

to encourage support in wrongdoing

Amorphous

lacking definite form , having no specific shape

Aspersion

(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

Bumptious

offensively self-assertive, obtusely, obnoxious

Circuitous

roundabout, not direct

Elegiac

mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone

Evanescent

(adj.) vanishing, soon passing away; light and airy

Inveterate

firmly established, long-standing; habitual

Paean

a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving

Perspicacity

mental sharpness; keen insight; shrewdness
especially to discern something

Profligate

excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant, prodigal

Reprove

to find fault with, scold, rebuke

Titular

of or associated with or bearing a title signifying status or function

Abstemious

moderate in appetite, sparing in eating and drinking; temperate

Assiduous

persistent, attentive, diligent

Buttress

to support, prop up, strengthen; a supporting structure

Celerity

swiftness, rapidity of motion or action

Clangor

a loud resonant repeating noise

Ex Officio

by virtue of an office or position

Firmament

the vault of heaven; sky`

Impugn

to call into question; to attack as false

Invidious

(adj.) offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment

Magniloquent

speaking in lofty in expression; pompous

Grandiose

impressive because of unnecessary largeness or grandeur

Panegyric

a formal expression of praise

Repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid , cast off or disown, reject as untrue, unfounded, or unjust

Succulent

full of juice; juicy, rich in desirable qualities

Torpid

inactive, sluggish, dull

Anathema

an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation, a cursed, detested person

Assuage

to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

Enervate

to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, hamstring

Exculpate

to free from guilt or blame, prove innocent

Florid

elaborately or excessively ornamented, (adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy, flowery

Gratuitous

unnecessary and unwarranted, without cause, given freely; unearned; unwarranted

Incendiary

arousing to action or rebellion, deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion; one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife

Inimical

Hostile, unfriendly

Motley

(adj.) showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors; (n.) a jester's costume; a jester

Palpable

capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized

Petulant

peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

Prognosticate

(v.) to predict, especially on the basis of present indications or signs

Scurrilous

(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed

Vapid

dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force

Acrimonious

stinging, bitter in temper or tone

Callow

Without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

Exhort

to urge strongly, advise earnestly, urge on or encourage especially by shouts

Feckless

lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable

Intractable

not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate

Jejune

lacking interest or significance, lacking in nutritive value

Paragon

a model of excellence or perfection, epitome

Piquant

having an agreeably pungent taste

Propensity

a natural inclination or tendency

Propound

to put forward for consideration

Reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself, cool and formal in manner

Seditious

(adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government

Supercilious

having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy

Vestige

a trace or evidence of something that once existed

Adventitious

resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential

Aver

to state as a fact; to confirm or support, to affirm; declare to be true

Capitulate

(v.) To end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel

Consternation

Feelings or anxiety or dismay typically at something unexpected

Enmity

the state or feeling of being actively opposed or hostile to someone or something

Foment

try to stir up public opinion, stir up, instigate

Hackneyed

overused, cliched, overdone especially for a phrase

Languid

slow, sluggish, listless, weak, displaying or having disinclination for physical activity

Martial

associated with war and the armed forces, military

Portent

indication of something important or calamitous about to occur; omen

Propriety

the state of being proper, appropriateness; standards of what is proper or socially acceptable

Recapitulate

to review a series of facts; to sum up, summarize briefly

Surreptitious

marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

Transmute

change or alter in form, appearance, or nature

Veracity

Adherence to the truth; truthfulness; accurate

Assumption

a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn

Audience

reader; connected to context and purpose; previous knowledge, attitude, bias (in accordance to the rhetorical triangle)

Concede

reluctant acknowledgement or yield

Context

Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning

Counterargument

A challenge to a position; an opposing argument

Narration

Retelling an event or series of events

Persona

The speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing

Polemic

An argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion

Propaganda

A negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather than present information

Purpose

One's intention or objective in a speech or writing

Refute

To discredit an argument, particularly in a counterargument

Rhetoric

The study of effective, persuasive language use; according to Aristotle, use of the "available means of persuasion"

Hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

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