5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Putting-out system
- Edwin Chadwick
- Steam engine
- Richard Arkwright
- Samuel Crompton
- a 1779, a Brit who combined the best features of the spinning jenny with the water frame -> spinning mule/Crompton's mule.
- b external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder
- c English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
- d System which was basically an assembly line which made goods easy to manufacture and cheaper to create. Took less time, made guilds obsolete. Mobilization of the rural labor force for commercial production of large quantities of manufactured goods
- e This was a public health official who wrote reports on the poor living conditions of the cities and believed that poverty was caused by illnesses
5 Multiple choice questions
- Built the world's first railroad line and he designed and built 4 locomotives that were used. Father of the modern railroad.
- The ten hours act of 1847 limited the workday for women and young people in factories to ten hour. This was an effort of the Tory party to gain support from the working class.
- Plants that are grown for animals to feed off so they can stay in pens.
- Raised capital, almost always locally from relatives, friends, or members of the church; had to understand latest methods for building and powering machinery; had to know how to market goods.
- The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants were expelled.
5 True/False questions
Public Health Act of 1848 → Allowed medical officers and inspectors to enter homes and businesses in the name of public health. The state could condemn private property for posing health hazards.
Puddling → United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
James Watt → Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)
Factory Act → Created factory workday for children between 9-13 to 8 hours a day. Not applicable to home. Outlawed child labor under 9-factory owners establish schools. Destroyed family unit.
Open-field farming → In order to combat the issue of not having food/water for animals, farmed flood low-lying land near streams in the winter to prevent ground from freezing and then drained the water which produce an early grass for animals to eat