5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Meadow floating
- Cottage Industry
- The Mines Act
- George Stevenson
- Richard Arkwright
- a In order to combat the issue of not having food/water for animals, farmed flood low-lying land near streams in the winter to prevent ground from freezing and then drained the water which produce an early grass for animals to eat
- b Built the world's first railroad line and he designed and built 4 locomotives that were used. Father of the modern railroad.
- c Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution. Families used their own equipment.
- d English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
- e Act by Parliament that prohibited underground work for women and boys under the age of ten. This furthered the gender divide in the working classes.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The ten hours act of 1847 limited the workday for women and young people in factories to ten hour. This was an effort of the Tory party to gain support from the working class.
- The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants were expelled.
- process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
- Established a principle of communal regulation to improve the work and character of his employees., Welsh industrialist and social reformer who founded cooperative communities (1771-1858)
- 1779, a Brit who combined the best features of the spinning jenny with the water frame -> spinning mule/Crompton's mule.
5 True/False Questions
Abraham Darby → Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)
Putting-out system → System which was basically an assembly line which made goods easy to manufacture and cheaper to create. Took less time, made guilds obsolete. Mobilization of the rural labor force for commercial production of large quantities of manufactured goods
James Watt → Act by Parliament that prohibited underground work for women and boys under the age of ten. This furthered the gender divide in the working classes.
Edmund Cartwright → English clergyman who invented the power loom (1743-1823); erected a cotton mill, was offered a Watt steam engine which ended up on auction block 3 years later
Eli Whitney → external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder