5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Meadow floating
- Edwin Chadwick
- Henry Court
- Factory Act
- a In order to combat the issue of not having food/water for animals, farmed flood low-lying land near streams in the winter to prevent ground from freezing and then drained the water which produce an early grass for animals to eat
- b This was a public health official who wrote reports on the poor living conditions of the cities and believed that poverty was caused by illnesses
- c Made the puddling process
- d process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
- e Created factory workday for children between 9-13 to 8 hours a day. Not applicable to home. Outlawed child labor under 9-factory owners establish schools. Destroyed family unit.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)
- The ten hours act of 1847 limited the workday for women and young people in factories to ten hour. This was an effort of the Tory party to gain support from the working class.
- external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder
- English industrialist whose pottery works were the first to produce fine-quality pottery by industrial methods.
- The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants were expelled.
5 True/False Questions
Enclosure Acts → Parliament, controlled by landowners, passed these to encourage improved methods of cultivation and stock-raising to increase productivity(Agricultural Revolution). `The old village system was an obstacle to these so in the 18th century the squirearchy was able to ensure that more of the common land would come under private ownership - by the already landed wealthy. Enclosure reached its height in the Napoleonic wars. Led to the increased productivity of land and labor but also released labor for other wage earning pursuits(became available as factory workers).
Samuel Crompton → Plants that are grown for animals to feed off so they can stay in pens.
Open-field farming → one-half and one-third of village land fallow so nutrients restored for next year. Communal rather than individual
Putting-out system → System which was basically an assembly line which made goods easy to manufacture and cheaper to create. Took less time, made guilds obsolete. Mobilization of the rural labor force for commercial production of large quantities of manufactured goods
George Stevenson → Established a principle of communal regulation to improve the work and character of his employees., Welsh industrialist and social reformer who founded cooperative communities (1771-1858)