5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Putting-out system
- Cottage Industry
- Enclosure Acts
- Ten Hours Act
- Samuel Crompton
- a The ten hours act of 1847 limited the workday for women and young people in factories to ten hour. This was an effort of the Tory party to gain support from the working class.
- b Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution. Families used their own equipment.
- c System which was basically an assembly line which made goods easy to manufacture and cheaper to create. Took less time, made guilds obsolete. Mobilization of the rural labor force for commercial production of large quantities of manufactured goods
- d Parliament, controlled by landowners, passed these to encourage improved methods of cultivation and stock-raising to increase productivity(Agricultural Revolution). `The old village system was an obstacle to these so in the 18th century the squirearchy was able to ensure that more of the common land would come under private ownership - by the already landed wealthy. Enclosure reached its height in the Napoleonic wars. Led to the increased productivity of land and labor but also released labor for other wage earning pursuits(became available as factory workers).
- e 1779, a Brit who combined the best features of the spinning jenny with the water frame -> spinning mule/Crompton's mule.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Stevenson's engine that won him a prize in 1829. Pulled a load 3x it's own weight at 30 mph, could outrun a horse.
- Created factory workday for children between 9-13 to 8 hours a day. Not applicable to home. Outlawed child labor under 9-factory owners establish schools. Destroyed family unit.
- English industrialist whose pottery works were the first to produce fine-quality pottery by industrial methods.
- process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
- Act by Parliament that prohibited underground work for women and boys under the age of ten. This furthered the gender divide in the working classes.
5 True/False Questions
Steam engine → United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
Open-field farming → In order to combat the issue of not having food/water for animals, farmed flood low-lying land near streams in the winter to prevent ground from freezing and then drained the water which produce an early grass for animals to eat
Edwin Chadwick → United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
Meadow floating → process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
Entrepreneurs → Raised capital, almost always locally from relatives, friends, or members of the church; had to understand latest methods for building and powering machinery; had to know how to market goods.