5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Richard Arkwright
- Contagious Disease Act of 1864
- The Rocket
- Steam engine
- Edwin Chadwick
- a This was a public health official who wrote reports on the poor living conditions of the cities and believed that poverty was caused by illnesses
- b The Act of 1864 stated that women found to be infected could be interned in locked hospitals for up to three months, a period gradually extended to one year with the 1869 Act. These measures were justified by medical and military officials as the most effective method to shield men from venereal disease.
- c external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder
- d English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
- e Stevenson's engine that won him a prize in 1829. Pulled a load 3x it's own weight at 30 mph, could outrun a horse.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1779, a Brit who combined the best features of the spinning jenny with the water frame -> spinning mule/Crompton's mule.
- Act by Parliament that prohibited underground work for women and boys under the age of ten. This furthered the gender divide in the working classes.
- one-half and one-third of village land fallow so nutrients restored for next year. Communal rather than individual
- Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution. Families used their own equipment.
- Allowed medical officers and inspectors to enter homes and businesses in the name of public health. The state could condemn private property for posing health hazards.
5 True/False questions
Enclosure Acts → Parliament, controlled by landowners, passed these to encourage improved methods of cultivation and stock-raising to increase productivity(Agricultural Revolution). `The old village system was an obstacle to these so in the 18th century the squirearchy was able to ensure that more of the common land would come under private ownership - by the already landed wealthy. Enclosure reached its height in the Napoleonic wars. Led to the increased productivity of land and labor but also released labor for other wage earning pursuits(became available as factory workers).
Fodder crops → Plants that are grown for animals to feed off so they can stay in pens.
Edmund Cartwright → English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
Puddling → United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
Henry Court → Stevenson's engine that won him a prize in 1829. Pulled a load 3x it's own weight at 30 mph, could outrun a horse.