5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Cottage Industry
- Josiah Wedgwood
- Open-field farming
- Factory Act
- a one-half and one-third of village land fallow so nutrients restored for next year. Communal rather than individual
- b English industrialist whose pottery works were the first to produce fine-quality pottery by industrial methods.
- c process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
- d Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution. Families used their own equipment.
- e Created factory workday for children between 9-13 to 8 hours a day. Not applicable to home. Outlawed child labor under 9-factory owners establish schools. Destroyed family unit.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Made the puddling process
- The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants were expelled.
- Established a principle of communal regulation to improve the work and character of his employees., Welsh industrialist and social reformer who founded cooperative communities (1771-1858)
- In 1709, he used coal to smelt iron, or separate iron from its ore. When he discovered that coal gave off impurities that damaged the iron; he found a way to remove the impurities from coal, leading to better quality/ cheaper iron.
- Allowed medical officers and inspectors to enter homes and businesses in the name of public health. The state could condemn private property for posing health hazards.
5 True/False Questions
Edmund Cartwright → English clergyman who invented the power loom (1743-1823); erected a cotton mill, was offered a Watt steam engine which ended up on auction block 3 years later
James Watt → Act by Parliament that prohibited underground work for women and boys under the age of ten. This furthered the gender divide in the working classes.
Richard Arkwright → English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
The Mines Act → The ten hours act of 1847 limited the workday for women and young people in factories to ten hour. This was an effort of the Tory party to gain support from the working class.
Meadow floating → In order to combat the issue of not having food/water for animals, farmed flood low-lying land near streams in the winter to prevent ground from freezing and then drained the water which produce an early grass for animals to eat