a region of flat low-lying lands across the sea coast
the region of hills and forests climbing up to the Appalachians
How did the Navigation Act affect the colonies?
directed the flow of goods between England and the colonies; colonists had to pay more to use British ships, some colonists began smuggling
strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of enslaved Africans
producing enough to feed themselves
farm crop raised to be sold for money
a group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies
the religious revival that swept over the colonies beginning in the 1720s
the theory that a state or nations power depended on it's own wealth
Who was the British commander in North America that was sent to conquer the French?
General Edward Braddock
Who oversaw the war effort from London and changed Britain's fortune in the war with France?
What was the most profitable cash crop in South Carolina and Georgia?
Who is the most well-known example of the Enlightenment?
Benjamin Franklin. Enlightenment spread the idea that knowledge, reason and science can improve society.
What did the Albany Plan do?
Sponsored by Benjamin Franklin to make a union of all of the colonies. It did not work out. 11 of the original colonies were asked to join in. None of the colonies were willing to give up any of their power. This plan failed to unite the colonists to fight the French
Who fought in the Seven Years' War?
Prussia and Britain against France in Europe; Britain against France in Carribbean, India and North America
What was the name of the Ottawa chief that recognized that British settlers threatened their way of life?
What was the Iroquois Confederacy?
The most powerful group of Native Americans in the East which included: the Mohawk; Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida
Who was Jeffery Amherst
A British Officer in North America, he captured Fort Lewisbourg, Frontenac, Duquesne
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
King George II declared that the Appalachian Mountains were the temporary western boundary for the colonies. This angered many people, especially land owners.
What did the Treaty of Paris do?
1763 - France was permitted to keep some of its sugar producing islands in the Wes Indies, but forced to give Canada and most of its lands east of the Mississippi River to Great Britian. It marked the end of France as a power in North America.
What was the Middle Passage?
Who had the advantage with the Native Americans? Why?
Why were the Native Americans so important in the clash between the French and British?