movement in which there is a decrease in the angle between two bones
displacement of a bone from a joint with tearing of ligaments, tendons, and articular capsules
freely movable joints with a synovial cavity
hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces
dense regular connective tissue that attaches bone to bone
Compact Bone Tissue
contains few spaces and is the strongest form of bone tissue, makes up the bulk of the diaphyses of long bones
Red Bone Marrow
produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets by a process called hemopoiesis
Yellow Bone Marrow
consists mainly of adipocytes, which store triglycerides
bone building cells
bone degrading cells
mature bone cells, the most numerous cells in osseous tissue and maintain its daily metabolism
an immovable fibrous joint that joins skull bones
An increase in the angle between two bones
forcible wrenching or twisting of a joint with partial rupture or other injury to its attachments without dislocation. disarticulation at a joint between ligaments.
Movement toward the median plane of the body
movement away from midline of the body
procedure for examining the interior of a joint, usually the knee. used to determine the extent of damage, remove torn cartilage, repair cruciate ligaments, and obtain samples for analysis
Age related disorder characterized by decrease bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures, often as a result in decreased levels of estrogens
Spongy Bone Tissue
does not contain osteons. consists of lamellae that are arranged in an irregular lattice of this columns of bone.
Structural unit of compact bone
held together by dense connective tissue, no synovial cavity. Holds bones together and allows little to no movement.
the bones are held together by cartilage, allows little to no movement.
Healing process of fracture
Hematoma, granulation tissue, callus formation, ossification
tendons or muscles
biggest foramen in body
Is crushed during strangulation
Responsible for a bone growing lengthwise
Tough connection tissue membrane that covers the bone, responsible for bone growth.
Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, Fluoride
Minerals found in the body
movement of the distal end of a body part in a circle (in a cone)
a bone revolves around its own longitudinal axis, just as pivot and ball-and-socket joints
Effects of Exercise
attach muscle to bone
unspecialized stem cells that can divide to produce new cells
where osteocytes reside
layer of osteons found in compact bone, cause the tree-like appearance of compact bone
irregular lattice of thin plates of spongy bone tissue.
allows osteocytes to communicate