Medical Terminology, Chap 5

Created by Lefty66 

Upgrade to
remove ads

76 terms · Ehrlich Medical Terminology for Professionals, 6th edition. Chapter 5 word parts and terms.

angi/o

blood or lymph vessel

aort/o

aorta

arteri/o

artery or arteries

ather/o

plaque or fatty substance

brady-

slow

cardi/o

heart

-crasia

a mixture or blending

-emia

blood or blood condition

erythr/o

red

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

leuk/o

white

phleb/o

vein

tachy-

rapid

thromb/o

clot

ven/o

vein

ACE inhibitor

blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract, resulting in hypertension

anemia

a lower than normal number of red blood cells in the blood

aneurysm

a localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery

angina

a condition of episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium

angioplasty

a procedure in which a small balloon is used to open a partially blocked coronary artery by flattening the plaque deposit and stretching the lumen

anticoagulant

medication that slows blood coagulation and prevents new clots from forming; also known as a thrombolytic or clot-busting drug

antihypertensive

medication administered to lower blood pressure

aplastic anemia

a condition marked by the absence of all formed blood elements

arrhythmia

an abnormality, or the loss of the normal rhythm, of the heartbeat

atherectomy

surgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery

atheroma

a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall

atherosclerosis

hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaques

atrial fibrillation

when the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by rapid, irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall

automated external defibrillator

electronic equipment that automatically samples the heart's electrical rhythms and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm

beta-blocker

a medication that reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heartbeat

blood dyscrasia

any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood

bradycardia

an abnormally slow heartbeat, usually at a rate of less than 60 beats per minute

cardiac arrest

an event in which the heart abruptly stops or develops a very abnormal arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood

cardiac catheterization

a diagnostic procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or an artery and is guided into the heart

cardiomyopathy

the term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle

carotid endarterectomy

surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain

cholesterol

a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body

chronic venous insufficiency

a condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves

coronary thrombosis

damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery

defibrillation

the use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm; also known as cardioversion

diuretic

medication administered to stimulate the kidneys to increase the secretion of urine to rid the body of excess sodium and water

electrocardiogram

a record of the electrical activity of the myocardium

embolism

the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

embolus

a foreign object - such as a blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor - that is circulating in the blood; plural, emboli

endocarditis

inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

erythrocytes

mature red blood cells

hemoglobin

the iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes that transports oxygen from the lungs to all of the body tissues

hemolytic anemia

a condition of an inadequate number of circulating erythrocytes due to the premature destruction of these cells by the spleen

hemostasis

the arrest or control of bleeding

ischemic heart disease

a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart

leukemia

a malignancy characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and the circulating blood

leukocytes

white blood cells

leukopenia

any situation in which the total number of leukocytes in the circulating blood is less than normal

megaloblastic anemia

a blood disorder in which red blood cells are larger than normal

myelodysplastic syndrome

a group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow

myocardial infarction

the occlusion of one or more coronary arteries resulting in an infarct of the affected myocardium; also known as a heart attack or an MI

orthostatis hypotension

low blood pressure that occurs in a standing posture; also known as postural hypotension

paroxysmal atrial tachycardia

an episode that begins and ends abruptly, during which there are very rapid and regular heartbeats that originate in the atrium

pericardium

the double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart

pernicious anemia

a form of anemia caused by a lack of the protein tha thelps the body absorb vitamin B12, which is necessary for the formation of red blood cells

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein or veins

Raynaud's phenomenon

a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress

septicemia

a systemic disease caused by the spread of microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood; also known as blood poisoning

sickle cell anemia

a genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cells assuming an abnormal sickle shape

tachycardia

an abnormally fast heartbeat, usually at a rate of more than 100 beats per minute

thallium stress test

a diagnostic test performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle during exercise

thrombocytopenia

a condition in which there is an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood

thrombolytic

medication that slows coagulation and prevents new blood clots from forming; also known as an anticoagulantor clot-busting drug

thrombosis

the abnormal condition of having a thrombus; plural, thromboses

thrombotic occlusion

the blocking of an artery by a thrombus

thrombus

a blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or an artery

transfusion reaction

a serious and potentially fatal complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match

valvulitis

inflammation of a heart valve

varicose veins

abnormally swollen veins, usually occuring in the legs

ventricular fibrillation

the rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles

ventricular tachycardia

a very rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set