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Orpheus-From Act II

Claudio Monterverdi

Dido and Aeneas

Henry Purcell

Revenge

Strozzi

The Four Seasons- "Winter"

Vivaldi

Brandenburg Concerto #2

Bach

Messiah, "He that Dwelleth in Heaven and "Thou Shalt Break Them"

Handel

Messiah "Hallelujah" Chorus

Handel

String Quartet Op. 76, No. 3

Haydn

Symphony #40 in G Minor

Mozart

Le Nozze Di Figaro

Mozart

French Overture

consists of two sections: a slow somber introduction with dotted rhytms, followed by an Allegro in imitative style.

overture

musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace

chorus

a company of actors who comment (by speaking or singing in unison) on the action in a classical Greek play

aria

a solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment, as in an opera

recitative

moves the action song along- a speaking style of singing

basso continuo

Chords played by lute, harpsichord, etc.

castrati

men who were castrated as boys so that their voices would not change; they sounded like women with voices that had a great deal of power.

virtuoso

performers-singers and instrumentalists of extremely high technical and musical skill.

oratorios

operas without costumes and staging; created for performance in church or in an opera house during lent-a penitential season.

operas

were first performed in private theaters in the courts of the nobility and royality

doctrine of affections

Expression of feelings (affect) became important, one feeling per movement

affect

• Light/dark contrasts, and motion in art; ornate architecture; single emotional expression

the classical era

first music that never went out of fashion

ritornello principle

each vocal chorale section is followed by an orchestra ritornello section.

bar form

long pauses between sung sections are filled in by the orchestra

doubling

instruments of the orchestra play the same parts as the voices sing

chorale

hymn tune with 4-part harmony

syncopation

accents on weak beats

hornpipe

a lively dance in triple meter

suite

a series of dance movements

manuels

lowest notes played with foot pedals;
highest notes played on the keyboards

stops

control which pipes the keys open

sonata de chiesa

church sonata

sonata de camera

chamber music for entertainment

trio sonata

two high instruments and one basso continuo

refrain

words in A melody are always the same

ornamentation

decorative notes

hocket

rhythimically interlocking voices; one fills space left by another's rests to make a complete melody

da capo aria

an aria in ABA form

episodes

sections of the piece in which no voice is playing the subject

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