Orpheus-From Act II
Dido and Aeneas
The Four Seasons- "Winter"
Brandenburg Concerto #2
Messiah, "He that Dwelleth in Heaven and "Thou Shalt Break Them"
Messiah "Hallelujah" Chorus
String Quartet Op. 76, No. 3
Symphony #40 in G Minor
Le Nozze Di Figaro
consists of two sections: a slow somber introduction with dotted rhytms, followed by an Allegro in imitative style.
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
a company of actors who comment (by speaking or singing in unison) on the action in a classical Greek play
a solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment, as in an opera
moves the action song along- a speaking style of singing
Chords played by lute, harpsichord, etc.
men who were castrated as boys so that their voices would not change; they sounded like women with voices that had a great deal of power.
performers-singers and instrumentalists of extremely high technical and musical skill.
operas without costumes and staging; created for performance in church or in an opera house during lent-a penitential season.
were first performed in private theaters in the courts of the nobility and royality
doctrine of affections
Expression of feelings (affect) became important, one feeling per movement
• Light/dark contrasts, and motion in art; ornate architecture; single emotional expression
the classical era
first music that never went out of fashion
each vocal chorale section is followed by an orchestra ritornello section.
long pauses between sung sections are filled in by the orchestra
instruments of the orchestra play the same parts as the voices sing
hymn tune with 4-part harmony
accents on weak beats
a lively dance in triple meter
a series of dance movements
lowest notes played with foot pedals;
highest notes played on the keyboards
control which pipes the keys open
sonata de chiesa
sonata de camera
chamber music for entertainment
two high instruments and one basso continuo
words in A melody are always the same
rhythimically interlocking voices; one fills space left by another's rests to make a complete melody
da capo aria
an aria in ABA form
sections of the piece in which no voice is playing the subject