Farming. Learning to grow plants and raise animals.
The process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans.
The New Stone Age; when people learned to make fire and tools such as saws and drills
toolmakers in Southwest Asia and Egypt began to make tools out of this
To last long in hard times. People could focus on other things than finding food when it became more important.
food production caused population to grow
Where someone lives
Huge stones used as monuments or as the sites for religious gatherings.
Air, Fire, Water
A relative who lived in the past
Time before there was writing.
Historians rely on their work to study prehistory.
Archaeologist who in 1959 found bones in East Africa that were more than 1.5 million years old.
early ancestor of humans
one of the earliest ancestors of humans
An early hominid that lived more than 3 million years ago. She was small and had walked on two legs.
First part of stone age. Lasted until about 10,000 years ago. People used stone tools.
Any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task.
earliest tools used to process food. Found in Tanzania and thought to be 2.6 million years old.
Mineral that is easy to shape. Tools made from this mineral can be very sharp.
The most important development of early stone age culture.
Community of people who share a common culture.
Early humans of the stone age. Hunted animals and gathered wild plants, seed, fruits, and nuts to survive.
People moved out of Africa during the old Stone Age, when climate patterns started to change. This transformed the earth's geography.
First human-made shelters. Had pits in the ground with roofs of branches and trees.
Long periods of freezing weather that ended about 10,000 years ago.
Strip of land connecting two continents. Allowed for Stone Age people to move around the world. By 9000 BC people lived on all continents except Antarctica.
Hunted by early people. Bones could be used to build shelters and could feed many people.
A famous megalith.
Middle Stone age - Began more than 10,000 years ago & lasted about 5,000 years ago in some places. People settled in new lands, found use for bone and stone tools.
An early Hominid. "Southern Ape." Appeared in Africa about 4-5 million years ago. Stood upright and walked on two legs. Brain was about 1/3 the size of modern humans
An early Hominid. "Handy Man." Appeared in Africa about 2.4 million years ago. Used early stone tools for chopping and scraping. Brains was about half the size of modern humans.
"Upright Man." Appeared in Africa about 2 to 1.5 million years ago. Used early stone tools like the hand ax. Learned to control fire. Migrated out of Africa to Asia and Europe.
"Wise Man." Appeared in Africa about 200,000 years ago. Migrated around the world. Same species as modern human beings. Learned to create fire and use a wide variety of tools. Developed language.