Ch. 15 Health Assessment and Physical Examination Basic Nursing

26 terms by Rgagnon 

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adventitious sounds

4 types - crackles, wheezes, rhonchi, pleural friction rub. Indicative of abnormal respiratory function.

atrophy

any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)

auscultation

listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)

bruit

noise; an abnormal heart sound caused by turbulence within

cerumen

a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal

costovertebral angle (CVA)

angle formed by the 12th rib and the vertebral column on the posterior thorax, overlying the kidney

crackles

fine crackling or bubbling sound heard on inspiration, fluid in alveoli or opening of closed alveoli

cyanosis

a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes

dorsum

back

dyspnea

difficult or labored respiration

edema

swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue

erythema

abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)

indurated

hardened tissue, particularly skin, due to edema, inflammation, or infiltration by a tumor.

inspection

a formal or official examination

integument

skin

intercostal space

space between the ribs

jaundice

yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood

olfaction

the sense of smell, which occurs when receptors in the nose respond to chemicals

orthopnea

form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect

pallor

unnatural lack of color in the skin (as from bruising or sickness or emotional distress)

palpation

an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts

percussion

physical examination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest

petechiae

Small, pinpoint hemorrhages

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)

thrill

a fine vibration, felt by an examiner's hand on a patient's body over the site of an aneurysm or on the precordium, resulting from turmoil in the flow of blood and indicating the presence of an organic murmur of grade 4 or greater intensity.

turgor

normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid.

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