The repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables.
A passing reference to a familiar person, place or thing drawn from history, the Bible, mythology, or literature
Repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences.
A form of antithesis in which the second half of the statement inverts the word order of the first.
A roundabout or indirect way of speaking; the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.
Language that describes specific, observable things, people or places, rather than ideas or qualities.
The associations, images, or impressions carried by a words, as opposed to the word's literal meaning.
A rhetorical device in which words are consciously omitted, perhaps because their meaning can be inferred.
The substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
A metaphor, or implied comparison, that is sustained for several lines or that becomes the controlling image of an entire poem.
Obvious, extravagant exaggeration or overstimate, not intended to be taken literally, but used figuratively to create humor or emphasis.
The making of "pictures in words", appeals to the senses of taste, smell, hearing, and touch, and to internal feelings, as well as to the sense of sight.
The comic substitution of one word for another similar in sound but quite different in meaning.
A figure of speech; an implied analogy in which one thing is imaginatively compared to or identified with another, dissimilar thing.
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it.
A figure of speech in which true contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression, giving the effect of a condensed paradox.
A statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true.
The technique of showing that words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures are comparable in content and importance by placing them side by side and making them similar in form.
A figure of speech in which human characteristics and sensibilities are attributed to animals, plants, inanimate objects, natural forces, or abstract ideas.
The art of speaking or writing effectively; the study of writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion.
A term used to describe any form of literature that blends ironic humor and wit with criticism for the purpose of ridiculing folly, voice, stupidity-the whole range of human foibles and frailties- in individuals and institutions.
A figure of speech that uses like, as, or as if to compare two essentially different objects, actions, or attributes that share some aspect of similarity.
An argument that utilizes deductive reasoning and consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and conclusion.
The reflection in a work of the author's attitude toward hid or her subject, characters, and readers.
A type of verbal irony in which something is purposely represented as being far less important than it actually is.