AP Language and Compostition Vocabulary

46 terms by jwsutton

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Allegory

A fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or concepts.

Alliteration

The repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables.

Allusion

A passing reference to a familiar person, place or thing drawn from history, the Bible, mythology, or literature

Anaphora

Repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences.

Anecdote

A brief narrative of an entertaining and presumably true incident.

Aphorism

A concise statement of a principle; a terse formulation of a truth or sentiment.

Bombast

Language that is overly rhetorical (pompous); especially when considered in context.

Chiasmus

A form of antithesis in which the second half of the statement inverts the word order of the first.

Circumlocution

A roundabout or indirect way of speaking; the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.

Concrete Language

Language that describes specific, observable things, people or places, rather than ideas or qualities.

Connotation

The associations, images, or impressions carried by a words, as opposed to the word's literal meaning.

Denotation

The dictionary meaning of a word, the literal meaning.

Diction

Choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.

Ellipsis

A rhetorical device in which words are consciously omitted, perhaps because their meaning can be inferred.

Epigraph

A quotation or motto at the beginning of a book or chapter.

Euphemism

The substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.

Extended Metaphor

A metaphor, or implied comparison, that is sustained for several lines or that becomes the controlling image of an entire poem.

Figurative Language

A term for all uses of language that imply imaginative comparison.

Hyperbole

Obvious, extravagant exaggeration or overstimate, not intended to be taken literally, but used figuratively to create humor or emphasis.

Imagery

The making of "pictures in words", appeals to the senses of taste, smell, hearing, and touch, and to internal feelings, as well as to the sense of sight.

Inverted Sentence

A sentence in which the subject follows the verb.

Malapropism

The comic substitution of one word for another similar in sound but quite different in meaning.

Metaphor

A figure of speech; an implied analogy in which one thing is imaginatively compared to or identified with another, dissimilar thing.

Metonymy

A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it.

Mood

The climate of feeling in a literary work.

Onomatopoeia

The uses of words whose sound imitates the sound of the thing being named.

Oxymoron

A figure of speech in which true contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression, giving the effect of a condensed paradox.

Paradox

A statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true.

Parallelism

The technique of showing that words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures are comparable in content and importance by placing them side by side and making them similar in form.

Personification

A figure of speech in which human characteristics and sensibilities are attributed to animals, plants, inanimate objects, natural forces, or abstract ideas.

Point of View

The particular perspective from which a story is told.

Pun

A form of wit, not necessarily funny, involving a play on words with two or more meanings.

Rhetoric

The art of speaking or writing effectively; the study of writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion.

Rhetorical Question

: A question whose answer is obvious.

Satire

A term used to describe any form of literature that blends ironic humor and wit with criticism for the purpose of ridiculing folly, voice, stupidity-the whole range of human foibles and frailties- in individuals and institutions.

Simile

A figure of speech that uses like, as, or as if to compare two essentially different objects, actions, or attributes that share some aspect of similarity.

Situational Irony

Refers to the contrast between what is intended or expected what actually occurs.

Style

A writer's characteristic way of saying things.

Syllogism

An argument that utilizes deductive reasoning and consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and conclusion.

Symbol

Anything that signifies, or stands for, something else.

Synecdote

A figure of speech in which a part of something stands for the whole thing.

Syntax

The way words are arranged in a sentence.

Theme

The central idea of a piece of work.

Tone

The reflection in a work of the author's attitude toward hid or her subject, characters, and readers.

Understatement

A type of verbal irony in which something is purposely represented as being far less important than it actually is.

Verbal Irony

A figure of speech in which there is contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.

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