Chapter 20 upper respiratory disorders

27 terms by kristen7168

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Adenoidectomy

Surgical removal of the adenoids

Adenoiditis

Inflammation of the adenoids

Adenoids

Lymphoid tissue located in the nasopharynx that protects the body from infection

Aphonia

The complete loss of voice

Coryza

Also known as rhinitis or the common cold

Deviated Septum

Irregularity in the septum that results in nasal obstruction

Epistaxis

Also known as a nosbleed

Hemoptysis

The expectoration (expelling) of blood or bloody sputum

Hypertrophied Turbinates

Enlargements of the nasal concha that interfere with air passage and sinus drainage, and eventually lead to sinusitis

Laryngitis

Inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the larynx

Laryngoscopy

An endoscopic examination of the larynx

Laryngospasm

A spasm of the laryngeal muscles

Nasal Polyps

Grape-like growths of tissue that arise from the nasal mucous membranes

Peritonsillar Abscess

An infection that develops in the connective tissue between the capsule of the tonsil and the constrictor muscle of the pharynx

Pharyngitis

Inflammation of the throat

Polysomnography

A test that monitors a client's respiratory and cardiac status while he or she is asleep to determine the nature of sleep apnea

Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes

Also known as coryza or the common cold

Rhinorrhea

Clear nasal discharge

Leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid from the nose

Sinusitis

Inflammation of the sinuses, most often the maxillary sinuses

Sleep Apnea Syndrome

A phenomenon characterized by frequent, brief episodes of respiratory standstill during sleep

Stridor

A high-pitched, harsh sound during respiration, indicative of airway obstruction

Tonsillectomy

Surgical removal of the tonsils

Tonsillitis

Inflammation of the tonsils

Tracheostomy

A surgical opening into the trachea into which a tracheostomy or laryngectomy tube is inserted; may be temporary or permanent

Tracheotomy

A surgical procedure that makes an opening into the trachea

Endotracheal tube

inserted through the nose or mouth into the trachea to provide a patent airway for clients who cannot maintain an adequate airway on their own

Laryngeal trauma

occurs during vehicle accidents when the neck strikes the steering wheel or other blunt trauma occurs in the neck region, fracture of the thyroid cartlidge is also traumatic to the larynx

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