Rel 231

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encounters with ultimate reality may be called:
(A) ecstatic communion
(B) gnosis
(C) self-knowledge
(D) All of the above

All of the above

buddhist monks are called ....... and buddhist nuns are called

(monks) Bhikshus and (nuns) bhikshunis

List the four sights that siddhartha witnessed

aged-man, sick, corps and monk

Religious rituals may involve:
(a) patterned performance
(b) reptition
(c) purposefulness
(d) all of the above

all of the above

the term buddha means

enlighten or the awaken one

Ancient Chinese belief that great spiritual being and ruler of the universe was called

Sangdi

According to ancient Chinese tradition, the cosmos is a manifestation of an impersonal self-generating energy known as

Qi

the appearance of sacred reality in human form is called

incarnaton

which of these terms is the closest opposite to the term monotheistic

polytheistic

Dogma is

a system of doctrine proclaimed as absolutely true

The gaia theory proposes

the earth is a complex, self-regulating organism

the confucian virtue ren basically means

innate goodness

the deity who watches over family's actitities is known as

the kitchen God

a symbol for the unity that many indigenous cultures use is that of the

circle

the supreme being for most indigenous peoples is a god who is a

creator

a memorial dome which contains relics of the buddha is called

Stupa

stories of the buddha's past lives are known as

Jataka Tales

in indigenous religions, everthing in nature is experienced as

family

in many indigenous religions, if one must ut down a tree or kill an animal, one must first

explain one's intentions and ask forgiveness

in the eternal " dream time" there is no

male-female differentiation

what is the triple Gem(or three refuges)? the

Budha,
Dharma
Sanga

the collection of ancient scriptures used by Theravada Buddhists is called

Palicanon

the religious texts often considered to be the foundations of hinduism are called the

vedas

the hindu god of fire is

agni

the belief that the soul leaves the dead body and enters a new one is called

reincarnation

the cycle of death and rebirth is known as

samsara

the form of buddhism that offers faithful prayers to Amida Buddha is known as

Pure land Buddhism

what is the name for a hindu spiritual teacher

Guru

in Mahayana Buddhism, a being dedicated to attaining englightenment is called a

Bodhisttva

The Japanese teacher Nichiren believed that the essence of Buddhism could be found in

The Lotus Sutra

Siddhartha was born in the mountains of Japan

False

the founder of Buddhism was a contemporary of

Mahavira

Lakshmi is the goddess of

wealth and beauty

the tern anatman means

no eternal soul

which order of ascetic Jain monks is called "white clad" because of the way they dress?

Svetambaras

Jiva means

soul

the word Jain derives from this term, meaning " winner over one's passions."

jina

Jainism has no

personal savior or creator God

in which country would you likely not to find Theravada Buddhist practitioners

China

the dichotomy between sacred and profane is applicable to all religions

False

Religions that worship the divine in many forms are known as polytheistic.

True

Historical-critical studies of scriptures assert that scriptures are a mixture of many elements, includingmyths, cultural influences, ethical instructions, copying mistakes, actual history, and genuine spiritual inspiration

True

rites of passage commemorate the transport of slaves from Africa

False

shamans focus only on healing physical illness

false

hindu tradition teaches that the vedas are not the work of humans

true

hindu philosophical systems include both dualistic and monistic viewpoints

true

the most popular form of yoga is bhakti yoga

true

the god vishnu periodically appears in earthly incarnations

true

hindu worship can be carried out both in the home and in the temple

true

images of the jain tirthankaras all look exactly alike

true

jains typically follow a strict vegetarian diet

true

jainism rejects the idea of a cycle of death and rebirth

false

the discipline, which seeks to understand and compare religous patterns from around the world, is known .

as comparative religion

a narrative that uses concrete symbols in order to convey abstract ideas is known as a

allegory

symbolic stories which communities use to explain the universe and their place within it are known as

myths

in contrast to the industrial world's attempts to use and dominate the earth, native people now consider themselves of their mother, the earth

caretakers

the hindu word for religion, which also refers to duty natural law, social welfare, ethics health and transcendental realization

is dharma

blank holds that scientific discoveries of the complexities of life are proof of the existence of a creator

intelligence design

The rare quality of a personal magnetism often ascribed to founders of religion is known as

carisma

the hindu term for actions or consequences of an action is called

karma

visual contact with the divine is known as

darsan

the order or ascetic jain monks noted for their nudity is called sky clad or

digambara

the jain principle of non absolutism or manifold aspects is known as

anakantwad

Theravada mindfulness meditation techniques are known as

Vipassana

Dukkha means

Suffering

According to mahayana buddhism, the Buddha is present

All of the above

which of the following is not one of the Three Root Afflictions

renunciation

buddhist teaching differs from hindu teaching in that

it rejects the idea of an eternal soul

Vajrayana Buddhism is

a form of buddhism which promises a speeded-up path to enlightenment

Buddhist temples serve as

all of the above

who was the follower of confucius who disagreed with the belief in the goodness of human nature

Xunzi

the belief in practicing confucianism because Buddhism and Daoism brought moral and political weakness to society is called

Neo confucianism

The earliest Shinto places of worship were probably

Trees

Which most closely translates the Japanese word Kami?

Spirits

Amaterasu is Goddess of the

Sun

Shinto priests and priestesses are traditionally not expected to meditate and it is common for them to be

Married

The quality of misfortune or impurity is known as

tsumi

seasonal festivals are reminders to the people that they are descendants of the

kami

the buddha appointed his disciple Ananda to be his successor

false

an infant of 32-33 days of age is taken by parents to a shinto shrine for the purpose of

initiation by the deity

outside of japan, shinto is a common faith only in hawaii and

brazil

the controversy surrounding the yasukuni shrine concerns

the inclusion of the names of fourteen class a war criminals at the shrine
and
the visits of several japanese prime ministers to the shrine

buddhism accepts the hindu cast system

false

buddhism is often described as a non theistic religion

true

the buddha encouraged gossip as a harmless way to analyze ones feelings towards others

false

there have always been about as many buddhist monks as there are nuns

false

tibetaan buddhism suffered persecution at the hands of communis china

true

contemporary buddhists do not think that buddhism can provide answers for social problems

false

zen buddhims is said to preserve the buddha's teachings through mind to mind transmission rather than scriptures.

true

vesak is the most important buddhist festival

true

waht is a kirpan

a small sword worn by khalsa initiates

chan buddhism focuses predominately on meditation

true

buddhism was brought to the west through missionaries

false

the text used in divination is called the

yijing

when asked to define the essentials of strong government confucius stated the only true essential is that

faith in rulers

confucius focused his teachings very much on the here and now and consequently taught very little about

super natural

what has confucianism always advocated as the only means to social reform

education

the practice which helps one determine the harmonious placement of a building or objects is known as

fengshui

business conducted according to confucian ethics is known as

capitalist confucianism

the two aspects of chi or qi representing dark and light or femaile and male are

yen and yang

ancestor veneration is an important featureof ancient chinese religious traditions

true

daoism and confucianism flourished in which country

china

sacred rituals that are especially important in the veneration of ancestors are called

li

the creative rhythm of the universe is called

dao

a major theme of daoism is

harmony with nature

the philosophical basis of daoism is expounded in which of the following

dao de jing

which of the following martial arts is associated with daoism

taijiuan

who is your love in this universe

Ivan rodriguez

which of the follwing was the given name for the individual now known commonly as confucius

kong fuzi

what is your purpose in life according to doemaimeism

being with ivan rodriguez

which one of the time perids below was a spiritual high point in many cultures and included the life of the buddha, the hebrew prophets and the birth of daoism and confucianism

sixth century bce

confucius work was

known, but not considered very significant during his lifetime

during the cultural revolution in china, confucian tradition was denounced

true

it is common for aspects of daoism and confucianism to be blended in practice

true

japaniese people often go to shinto shrines for death rites

false

some japanese scholars likened li to the way of the kami

true

today shinto shrines can only be found in japan

false

the holy book of sikhism is now known as the

guru granth-sahib

when the fifth guru first compled sikh hymns and the poems of hindu and muslim saints, the text was called the

adigranth

the sikh community is known as the

panth

the devotional practice of singing or chanting passages from the sikh scriptures is called

kirtan

the region of india where sikhism arose is called

punjab

khalsa initiates strive to vanquish the five evils of

greed, lust, attachment, ego, anger

sikh separatists have demand a sikh state to be called

khalistan

the holy name of god in sikhism is referred to as

nam

traditional stories about guru nanaks's life are called

janamasakhi

sikhism reveres ten human gurus

t

according to the dao de jing, the dao that can be told of is the absolute dao

f

the practice of wu wei involves careful observance of confucian rituals of filial piety

f

the many forms of daoist practice are no longer undertaken

f

singapore's annual courtesy campaign is infulenced by confucian values

f

confucian thought was rejected in japan

f

divination is the practice of worshipping divine spirits

f

in shinto, bringing one's life into harmony with nature is called

kanna gara

sikhism teaches that the ego is a major barrier to spiritual progress

t

more than a quarter of the indian population is sikh

f

shinto has no ethical requirements, no sacred literature, and no

founder.

the shinto waterfall purification ritual is known as

misogi

in shinto, the sacred is both immanent and

transendent

kami refers to a quality. it means that which evokes

awe and wonder

what is the cleansing ceremony, usually performed by a shinto priest, which involves waving a piece of wood from a sacred tree

oharai

the major chronicles of shinto are written down in two parts the

kojial and the nihongi

shinto is an indigenous religion of korea

f

the japanese had no word for nature until the seventh century ce

f

state shinto promoted the belief that the emperor was the offspring of amaterasu

true

the oharai ceremony may be performed on new cars

true

guru nanak advocated strict asceticism as a means to knowing god

false

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