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the body as a whole

dorsal; cavity

cavity along the posterior side of the body made of the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity

distal

situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone

proximal

situated nearest to point of attachment or origin

abdominal cavity

space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, stomach, gallbladder, and intestines; also called the abdomen

cell

the smallest unit of living matter

inferior

Below; at a lower level

epithelial

tissue covers internal and external surfaces of body

visceral pleura

pleura that covers the lungs

pleural membranes

serous membranes of the thoracic cavity

transverse plane

Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions

anatomy

study of body structure

two types of chemicals that make up the body

inorganic and organic

connective tissue

fills internal spaces, provides structural support for other tissues, transports materials within the body, and stores energy reserves

digestive system

the system that makes food absorbable into the body

urinary system

removes waste products from blood and maintains water balance within body

volar

palm

anatomic position

standing erect, facing forward, arms at sides, palms forward, legs parallel, toes pointed foward

plantar

Sole of foot

homeostasis

stable internal conditions

physiology

study of how the body functions

pathophysiology

the physiology of disordered function; the study of how disease affects normal body processes.

antebrachial

forearm

antecubital

front of elbow

axillary

armpit

brachial

Upper arm

buccal

mouth

cardiac

heart

cervical

neck

cranial

head

cutaneous

skin

deltoid

shoulder

femoral

Thigh

frontal

forehead

gastric

stomach

gluteal

buttocks

hepatic

liver

nasal

nose

mammary

breast

lumbar

small of back

inguinal

groin

occipital

back of the headorbital

orbital

eye

parietal

crown of head

patellar

kneecap

pectoral

chest

pulmonary

lungs

popliteal

back of knee

plantar

Sole of foot

perineal

pelvic floor

pedal

foot

umbilical

naval

temporal

Side of head

sternal

breastbone

scapular

shoulder blade

sacral

base of spine

renal

kidney

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