Works to protect the country against terrorism and make sure the borders are safe.
fund at par
Giving money at face value
where was the first capital of America?
dealing with debt
-Pay off debts by taxing EVERYBODY
Taxes placed on good brought from foreign countries.
-also helped deal w/debt
A tax on a manufactured item. Helped Hamilton to achieve his theory on a strong central government, supported by the wealthy manufacturers. This tax mainly targeted poor Western front corn farmers (Whiskey). This was used to demonstrate the power of the Federal Government, and sparked the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794.
state debt controversy
-Depreciation of government bonds
-Heavy debted states vs Low debted states
solution to state debt controversy?
Bank of U.S
-Stimulates money flow
-Gov=primary stock holder
Brought up bc of the struggle of bank b/w the federalist & the demoratic. republicans
-Strict constitution vs. Implied powers
Which group was pro bank?
Which group was anti-bank?
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. Washington sent 15,000 troops to stop the rebellion not because all of them were needed but to demonstrate the power of the federal government.
America supports the French Revolution until...
The Reign of Terror
Who supported France in the French Revolution?
Who supported Britain in the French Revolution?
Orders of Council
Set of several trade regulations which established a blockade of part of the continent of Europe and prohibited trade with France. Escalated tensions between Britain and America.
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service if they seemed to be British
-Sought private American support
-Prey on British vessels
-Neutral in war b/w France and Britain
-No aiding foreign nations
The Jay Treaty
-Treaty to avoid war with Great Britain and increase trade.
-Looks as if America is allying with Great Britain to France
-Difference over US/Spain boundaries ; allowed for free navigation along Mississippi River ; ended Spanish claims over SW
French secret agents demanded a bribe, loan, and a apology to France in lieu of negotiating a dispute over the Jay Treaty and other issues ; lead to undeclared war between America and France
Alien & Sedition Acts
These consist of 4 laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams: the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years; the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens; the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at was with the US; and the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials. The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives. The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress
The 16 judges that were added by the Judiciary Act of 1801 that were called this because Adams signed their appointments late on the last day of his administration.
Judiciary act of 1801
a law that increased the number of federal judges, allowing President John Adams to fill most of the new posts with Federalists.
Embargo Act of 1807
Law that forbade American ships from sailing to foreign ports and closed American ports to British ships
Capturing of US ships if French see Americans violating Embargo.
America could trade with anyone except British and French
Who won the election of 1808?
Macon's Bill no.2
-Resumed trade with France and Britain if they promised not to violate neutrality act.
-Napoleon signs it never really intending to follow it
War of 1812
-Resulted from Britain's support of Indian hostilities along the frontier, interference with American trade, and impressments of American sailors into the British army
-America loses Detroit to British [deomstrates the need of a better army]
-Extended to include New England
William Henry Harrison
lead charge that would recapture Detroit
Battle of Lake Erie
SUCCESS, helped them gain control of Detroit, 3hr battle
Battle of Thames
1813 British defeat by General William Henry Harrison's army
War between Settlers and Natives ; "red sticks" ;
*In 1814 Andrew Jackson and 2,000 volunteers defeated the Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend*
*Treaty of Fort Jackson ended the war and Creeks gave up millions of acre of their land*
Napoleon's defeat ; time for British to focus on America ( Lake Champlain, Chesapeake Bay, New Orleans); Capture and burning of DC(only Paton building survived); The people left DC and retreated to Baltimore ; Ft. McHenry was bombarded
Man held captive, wrote the star spangled banner
Treaty of Ghent [Dec 24, 1814]
Te treaty changes absolutely nothing ; but it does put an end to the war, but no one knows because they're all over sea
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson invades Spain territory (Pensacola), he leads 5000 troops in a night invasion and prevent British from the attack they were going to do on New Orleans the next day ;; This event summits Americas independence, also proved America could defeat British
Hartford Convention (Dec 1814- Jan 1815)
Federalist present grievances so it can be better or them ; when they come back to America to present their lit of complaints everyone shoos them away ;; this convention marks the death of the Federalist party