Religion Midterm

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The discipline Basket of the Tripitaka contained

rules for monks

Dukkha is demonstrated by which of the following?

the loss of a home in a fire

the Buddhist monastic order that eventually included laypeople is known as the

sangha

which step of the eightfold path is described as "the disciple must be prepared to renounce attachments to the world and give benevolence and kindess"?

right aim

during his enlightenment, it is said that the Buddha stayed under the pipal tree for how many weeks?

7

the Buddhist doctrine which asserts there are no permanent souls is

anatta

the zen form of Buddhism is considered

very controlling

a "guardian angel" in some cultures would be known as a what in Buddhism?

bodhisttva

in Tibet, the kalachakra doctrine represents

time and space

the eightfold path in Buddhism is

followed by using all precepts at the same time

which Japanese sect of Buddhism claims to harmonize the truths of all Buddhist sects

tendai

according to zen teachings, what is the only thing of value?

comprehending our real nature

who were the first disciples of the Buddha?

the five ascetics

the more inclusive major division of Buddhism is the

mahayanist

the eightfold path is symbolized by

an eight-spoked dharma wheel

what defines tanha

craving

which of the following would be a concern of the Buddha's teachings

ways to relieve human suffering

according to Buddhists beliefs, the problem for humans is ___ and the solution is ___

suffering, knowledge

the Buddha was

a prince of the kshatriya caste

in Buddhism, when a person is set free from ego-centrism they enter

nirvana

what is the name given to Hindu sacred writings

shruti

what do Hindu priests use when they are seeking an explanation of sacrifices

brahmans

the Hindu concept of samsara refers to

the wheel of rebirth which turns forever

according to karma yoga, the motivation for work should be

duty

the god in the rig-veda who is named as creator and ruler of the universe is

indra

who is the god in human disguise that drives the chariot for arjuna

krishna

a person who teaches their insights and reasoning and is seen as having a divine light is known as a

guru

the phrase, "you reap what you sow" can summarize

the law of karma

of the one billion people in India, approximately what percent are Hindu

81%

what did the laws of manu represent

an ideal code of behavior

the principle force of the universe which orders all things is known as

rita

in class, we stated that the ages between 8-20 is reserved for learning. a person in the stage is known as

bramchari

a Hindu who chooses a life goal of kama is in seek of

pleasure

the way of knowledge as salvation is the basis of which yoga form

jnana

at which stage of life is a Hindu expected to experience vivaha

householder

which of these would be considered a part of the shradda rites

keeping the rites of the funeral pyre

how did Mohandas K Ghandi respond to western culture as it applied to India

hue used its resources to help India

in what year did India gain its independence from Britain

1947

samsara is the Hindu term for

reincarnation

which term, according to the class text, is the most accurate in describing Hinduism

henotheism

with the European invasion of the new world, tribal ingenious beliefs and practices were

compromised and adapted

Powhatan priests functioned as

medical and religious professionals

the early Cherokees viewed their tribal myths as

sacred stories for the initiated only

the naskapi valued the shaman as one who could

influence and control souls

the teaching of religion in America was initially

done from a christian triumphalist perspective

in religious belief and practice, the Powhatan's paid most attention to

Okeus-the malevolent or "evil" god

the nakapi referred to the active, living soul of the individual as

mista'peo

the proper way to address someone from the northern arctic is

Inuit

early Cherokee women

fought wars alongside men and won warrior's honors

the concept of complementary dualism is that

good and bad are commingled, serving a particular purpose

the naskapi hunter's success depended upon

the generous souls of animals and fish

according to naskapi beliefs, where did souls of the dead reside between rebirths

in the stars

the Aztecs firmly believed that all of human life depended on the conquest and sacrifices of enemies

true

naskapi women were not allowed to participate in hunting or fishing with the men

false

the naskapi had elaborate initiation rituals for adolescent males

false

the cherokee people welcomed the early European settlers to their land

false

knowing how to influence souls was considered essential to the survival of the naskapi

true

incan deities were believed to care only for the living; not for the dead

false

the naskapi believe that all of life is activated by soul

true

the term henotheism best characterizes most native American views of the absolute

true

In the Story of Samaraditya, by Haribhadra, a man clung to life for

drops of honey

the Jain hold death achieved by fasting is

sallekhana

Mahavira's enlightenment at about age 42 led to his experience of...

ishatpragbhara

in Nanak's direct vision of God he received

a cup of nectar

the first guru of the Sikhs was

Nanak

the main temple, the sacred center of the Sikhs, is located in

Amritsar

Which Hindu provision is rejected in Sikhism

caste system

Of the 5 stages in a Sikh's progress toward union with God, which of these does not belong?

nonharming

the Jain principle of aparigraph refers to

nonattachment

according to Jain teachings, the best way to avoid bad karma and increase good karma is

to revere all souls; human or not

Nanak initially attracted converts with his

unusual attire

Digambara monks symbolize their renunciation by

being "sky clad"

Nanak offended both Hindus and Muslims by

declaring that "there is no Hindu and no Musalman"

according to Nanak, what is the cause of human suffering?

loving the self more than God

after the death of Guru Gobind Singh, the Sikhs were ordered to honor only the

Adi Granth

Jains believe that injuring life now will involve one in suffering in the next life

true

Mahavira's search for enlightenment lasted 20 years

false

a Jina is a person who has conquered rebirth

true

Mahavira renounced the world at age 30

true

Digambaras claim that Mahavira became a householder before beginning his spiritual quest

false

Sikhism was a compromise worked out by Hindus and Muslims

false

at gurdwaras, eating is a symbolic act

false ?

"God is one" is a central Sikh teaching

true

Shvetambaras believe that the presence of clothing on a monk indicates residual shame

false

Digambaras believe that a woman must be reborn as a man before she can becomes a Tirthankara

true

after his renunciation of the world, Mahavira attracted only a few devoted followers

false

the Jian Acaranga teaches that one who does not teach others to avoid harming animals continues to sin

true

the Jain laity do not generally apply the doctrine of nonviolence to capital punishment

false

Jains believe that all life, human or animal, is the same

true

Sikhs believe the world and humans to be essentially opposed to God

true

the Jain universe

Ioka

holy death by fasting

sallekhana

beyond life and death

ishatpragbhar

ancient Jain texts not now in existance

Purvas

Jain categories of existence lakcing soul

ajiva

twelve books reputed from Mahavira

Agamas

Jain "immortal essence" or soul

jiva

nonattachment

aparigraph

no stealing

asteya

truthfulness

satya

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