Socialstudies List # 2 Chapter 2 The Fertile Cresent

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a professional writer

Fertile Cresent

a region that in Southwest Asia; site of the first civilizations

city-state

a city that is also a seperate independant state

polytheism

the belief in many gods

myth

a traditional story; in some cultures, a legend that explains people's beliefs

empire

many territories and peoples controlled by one government

Babylon

the capital of Babylonia; a city of great wealth and luxury

caravan

a group of traders traveling together

bazaar

a market selling different kinds of goods

battering ram

a powerful weapon having a wooden beam mounted on wheels

code

an organized list of laws and rules

Hammurabi

the king of Babylon from about 1792 to 1750 b.c.; creator of the Babylonian Empire

cuneiform

groups of wedges and lines used to write several languages of the Fertile Crescent

alphabet

a set of symbols that represent the sounds of language

monotheism

the belief in one god

famine

a time when there is so little food that many people starve

exile

to force someone to live in another country

covenant

a promise made by God

Moses

an Israelite leader whom the Torah credits with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan

prophet

a religious teacher who is regarded as someone who speaks for God or for a god

diaspora

the scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs

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