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pharmacology

science of drugs

dose

amount of medication

action

effect of a medication

indications

reasons for giving a medication

contraindications

reasons for NOT giving a medication

side effects

actions other than desired ones

IV

intravenous injection

Oral or PO

taken by mouth

sublingual or SL

under the tongue

intramuscular or IM

into muscle tissue

intraosseous or IO

into the bone

Subcutaneous or SC

into the skin

Transcutaneous

through the skin

inhalation

inhaled into the lungs

rectal or PR

into the rectum

solution

liquid misture

suspension

particles floating in a liquid

MDI

metered-dose inhaler

topical medications

applied on the skin

transdermal medications

absorbed through the skin

gel

semiliquid substance

activated charcoal

powdered charcoal

hypoglycemia

low blood glucose

glucose

sugar

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