Crime and Punishment

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50 terms · New English File Upper Intermediate SB p149

commit

...a crime (most formal)

break

...the law (neutral)

do

...something illegal (most informal)

blackmail, blackmailer, to blackmail

the crime of demanding money from a person by threatening to tell somebody else a secret about them (noun, noun, verb)

bribery, to bribe

the crime of offering a sum of money or something valuable to somebody to persuade them to help you, especially by doing something dishonest (noun, verb)

burglary, burglar, to break in/burgle

the crime of entering a building illegally and stealing things from it (noun, noun, verb)

drug dealing, drug dealer, to sell drugs

the crime of selling illegal drugs (noun, noun, verb)

fraud, to commit fraud

the crime of cheating somebody in order to get money or goods illegally (noun, verb)
For example: She was charged with credit card ______.

hijacking, hijacker, to hijack

the crime of using violence or threats to take control of a vehicle, especially a plane, in order to force it to travel to a different place or to demand something from a government (noun, noun, verb)
For example: The plane was _______ed by two armed men on a flight from London to Rome.

kidnapping, kidnapper, to kidnap

the crime of taking somebody away illegally and keeping them as a prisoner, especially in order to get money or something else for returning them (noun, noun, verb)
For example: Two businessmen have been ________ped by terrorists.

mugging, mugger, to mug

the crime of attacking somebody violently, or threatening to do so, in order to steal their money, especially in a public place (noun, noun, verb)

murder, murderer, to murder

the crime of killing somebody deliberately (noun, noun, verb)
Synonym = homicide
For example: She has been charged with the attempted ________ of her husband.

rape, rapist, to rape

the crime of forcing somebody to have sex with you when they do not want to by threatening them or using violence (noun, noun, verb)

robbery, robber, to rob

the crime of stealing money or goods from a bank, shop/store, person, etc, especially using violence or threats (noun, noun, verb)
For example: armed ________ (= using a gun, knife, etc.)

smuggling, smuggler, to smuggle

the crime of taking, sending or bringing goods secretly and illegally into or out of a country (noun, noun, verb)
For example: drug __________

terrorism, terrorist

the use of violent action in order to achieve political aims or to force a government to act (noun, noun)
For example: an act of _________

to set off

...bombs = to make them explode (phrasal verb)

theft, thief

the crime of stealing something from a person or place (noun, noun)
For example: car ________

steal

to take something from a person, shop/store, etc. without permission and without intending to return it or pay for it (verb)
For example: _________ (from somebody/something) We found out he'd been ________ing from us for years.

vandalism, vandal, to vandalize

the crime of destroying or damaging something, especially public property, deliberately and for no good reason (noun, noun, verb)
For example: an act of _______

assassination, assassin, to assassinate

to murder an important or famous person, especially for political reasons (noun, noun, verb)
For example: The prime minister was ________d by terrorists.

manslaughter

the crime of killing somebody illegally but not deliberately (noun)
For example: The charge has been reduced to _________.

shoplifting, shoplifter, to shoplift

the crime of stealing goods from a shop/store by deliberately leaving without paying for them (noun, noun, verb)

pickpocketing, pickpocket, to pick pockets

the crime of stealing money, etc. from other people's pockets, especially in crowded places (noun, noun, verb)

arrest

take a person to a police station and keep them there because the police believe they may be guilty of a crime (verb / noun)
For example: A man has been ______ed in connection with the robbery.

charge

an official claim made by the police that somebody has committed a crime (noun / verb)
For example: criminal _______s

investigate

to carefully examine the facts of a situation, an event, a crime, etc. to find out the truth about it or how it happened (verb)
For example: The FBI has been called in to _______.

question

to ask somebody questions about something, especially officially (verb)
For example: She was arrested and _______ed about the fire.

acquit

to decide and state officially in court that somebody is not guilty of a crime (verb)
For example: The jury ________ted him of murder.

court

the place where legal trials take place and where crimes, etc. are judged (noun)
For example: the civil/criminal _______s
Her lawyer made a statement outside the ______.

evidence

the information that is used in court to try to prove something (noun)
For example: I was asked to give _______ (= to say what I knew, describe what I had seen, etc.) at the trial.

trial

a formal examination of evidence in court by a judge and often a jury, to decide if somebody accused of a crime is guilty or not (noun)
For example: He's on _______ for murder.

guilty

(of something)
having done something illegal; being responsible for something bad that has happened (adjective)
For example: The jury found the defendant not _______ of murder.
Opposite = innocent

judge

a person in a court who has the authority to decide how criminals should be punished or to make legal decisions (noun)
For example: a High Court _______

jury

a group of members of the public who listen to the facts of a case in a court and decide whether or not somebody is guilty of a crime (noun)
For example: members of the ______

proof

information, documents, etc. that show that something is true (noun)
For example: There is no _______ that the knife belonged to her.

punishment

an act or a way of punishing somebody (noun)
For example: What is the _______ for murder?

sentence

the punishment given by a court (noun)
For example:
a jail/prison _________
a light/heavy _________

verdict

a decision that is made by a jury in court, stating if somebody is considered guilty of a crime or not (noun)
For example: Has the jury reached a _______?

witness

a person who sees something happen and is able to describe it to other people (noun)
For example: Police have appealed for ________es to the accident.

community service

doing some work to help society, e.g. painting, cleaning, etc (noun)

fine

a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule (noun / verb)
For example: a parking/speeding _______

prison

a building where people are kept as a punishment for a crime they have committed, or while they are waiting for trial (noun)
Synonym = jail
For example: He was sent to _______ for five years.

life sentence

the punishment by which somebody spends the rest of their life in prison (noun)
For example: He's currently serving a ______ for murder.

capital punishment

punishment by death (noun)

death penalty

the punishment of being killed that is used in some countries for very serious crimes (noun)
For example:
the abolition/return of the ________
The two men are facing the _________.

rioting, rioter, riot

a situation in which a group of people behave in a violent way in a public place, often as a protest (noun, noun, verb)
For example: One prison guard was killed when a ____ broke out in the jail.

looting, looter, loot

the crime of stealing things from shops/stores or buildings after a riot, fire, etc (noun, noun, verb)
For example: More than 20 shops were _____.

corruption, be corrupt

dishonest or illegal behaviour, especially of people in authority (noun, verb)
For example: allegations of bribery and _____
The new district attorney has promised to fight police ____.

fingerprint

a mark made by the pattern of lines on the tip of a person's finger, often used by the police to identify criminals (noun)
For example: His ______s were all over the gun.

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