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Test One

Which of the following is true about citizen activists in the United States?

They believe the government listens to people like them.

The quality conferred upon government by citizens who believe its exercise of power is right and proper is
called

legitimacy.

Which of these types of governmental structure essentially controls every aspect of citizens' lives?

totalitarian

Efficacy means

citizens' belief that they have the power to achieve something desirable, and that the government will listen
to them.

Government services are often called public goods

because they cannot be limited to specific groups or individuals.

Which of the following is true about traditional monarchies?

Absolute power is held by one person.

To which of the following can American democracy trace some of its roots?

All these answers are correct.

The idea that people could challenge the authority of the crown and church took hold during the

Protestant Reformation.

Which of the following is true about the Articles of Confederation?

It created a national government with only a legislative branch.

Which of the following is an example of direct democracy?

a New England town meeting

Which of the following is true about property ownership in the United States?

It is considered a right.

Which of the following household types makes up a smaller percentage of the American population today than it did in 1970?

nuclear families

Thomas Jefferson used the works of ________ as a basis for the Declaration of Independence.

Rousseau and Locke

Initially, state constitutions placed the majority of power in the

legislative branch.

Who was the Enlightenment philosopher that played the largest role in shaping Thomas Jefferson's thinking about government?

John Locke

The Connecticut Compromise settled a dispute between

states with large populations and states with small populations.

What did the Three-Fifths Compromise do?

establish how much representation southern states would receive for their slave populations

What does Article IV of the Constitution do?

establish that states must respect the legal proceedings and decisions of other states

How was the Constitution ratified?

by state conventions

A congressional member will often introduce amendments in order to

please important constituents.

In the two-tiered system of colonial government in the early eighteenth century, which group had authority over day-to-day matters?

local officials and assemblies

The Seven Years' War was fought between

Britain and France.

Shays's Rebellion

convinced many political leaders that the national government was not powerful enough.

The Federalist Papers were written by

Madison, Hamilton, and Jay.

Which of the following statements reflect the constitutional structure within the Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)?

All of these answers are correct.

How many amendments to the U.S. Constitution have been ratified?

27

Which of the following types of powers is given to Congress through the necessary and proper clause?

implied powers

Which of the following is NOT among the enumerated powers of the federal government?

preserving the environment

In McCulloch v. Maryland, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that the necessary and proper clause justified

a broad interpretation of the enumerated powers of the federal government.

In Gibbons v. Ogden, the U.S. Supreme Court established a broad definition of the term

commerce.

Which of the following is an obligation of the national government to the states?

to preserve it against foreign invasion

The Fourteenth Amendment gives the federal government the authority to protect the rights of individuals against

state governments.

Which of the following are considered concurrent powers available to federal and state governments?

All these answers are correct.

What percentage of states must ratify a constitutional amendment for it to pass?

three-quarters

The powers accorded to the states in the Tenth Amendment are known as ________ powers.

reserved powers

The impact of which event on Americans led to the passage of the Social Security Act of 1935?

the Great Depression

The full faith and credit clause, which asserts states must recognize each other's public acts, records, and judicial proceedings, is located in which Article of the Constitution?

Article IV

What event most significantly influenced the national-state power relationship?

the Civil War

Passed in 1913, which constitutional amendment powerfully enhanced the national government's ability to raise money?

Sixteenth

What type of national grant-in-aid requires state and local governments to compete for funding by writing needs-based proposals?

categorical project grants

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