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AP Psychology 8 Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Learning
  2. Spontaneous Recovery
  3. Discrimination
  4. Primary Reinforcer
  5. Shaping
  1. a in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus
  2. b an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
  3. c an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of a desired behavior
  4. d the reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response
  5. e A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
  2. reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs
  3. the diminishing of a conditioned response; in classical conditioning this occurs when an unconditioned stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS)
  4. in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
  5. in classical conditioning, the initial stage of learning; the phase associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response

5 True/False Questions

  1. Fixed-interval Schedulea schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses

          

  2. Conditioned Reinforcerin classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral, but now conditioned, stimulus (CS)

          

  3. Unconditioned Stimulus (US)in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically - triggers a response

          

  4. Positive Reinforcementincreasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli, such as shock

          

  5. Behaviorismin operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows

          

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