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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Negative Reinforcement
  2. Shaping
  3. Generalization
  4. Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
  5. Primary Reinforcer
  1. a in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically - triggers a response
  2. b the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
  3. c increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli, such as shock
  4. d an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of a desired behavior
  5. e an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
  2. the diminishing of a conditioned response; in classical conditioning this occurs when an unconditioned stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS)
  3. a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake
  4. A type of learning in which an organism come to associate stimuli
  5. Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely

5 True/False Questions

  1. Variable-ratio Schedulea schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses

          

  2. Punishmentan operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of a desired behavior

          

  3. Variable-interval Schedulea schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses

          

  4. Acquisitionin classical conditioning, the initial stage of learning; the phase associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response

          

  5. Mirror Neuronsin operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows

          

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