literal sense (of the biblical text)
"The literal sense is the meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture and discovered by exegesis, following the rules of sound interpretation" (CCC, 116).
A type of writing that has a particular form, style, or content.
The process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text.
St. Jerome's fifth-century Latin translation of the Bible into the common language of the people of his day.
Dead Sea Scrolls
Discovered in 1947 in caves near the Dead Sea, these manuscripts belonged to the Jewish Essene sect, which lived in a monastery at Qumran. The scrolls contain Essene religious documents, commentaries on certain Hebrew Scriptures, and ancient Old Testament manuscripts. They have proved very valuable to scholars in studying the Old Testament and for learning about some Jewish practices at the time of Jesus.
A traditional title given to theologians of the first eight centuries whose teachings made a lasting mark on the Church.
Liturgy of the Hours
The prayer of the Church; it is also known as the Divine Office. The Liturgy of the Hours utilizes the Scriptures, particularly the Psalms, for specific times of the day from early morning to later evening.
an extended comparison where my elements of a story stand for deeper realities like abstract ideas, moral qualities, or spiritual realities (see Proverbs 9:1-6)
a written account of a person's life (see Jeremiah 26)
a formal statement of religious belief (see Deuteronomy 26:5-10)
a story that gives the cause of something (see Genesis 32:22-32)
a brief story with a moral; often uses animals that act and speak like human beings (see Judges 9:7-15)
a chronological narrative or record of events, as in the life or development of people, country, or institution (see 1 Kings 1-2)
a rule of conduct or standard of behavior established by proper authority, society, or custom (see Ex 20:1-17)
an inspired utterance made by a prophet, which expresses God's will (see Amos 1-2)
a record of one's ancestors (see Matthew 1:1-17)
a deliberately exaggerated saying to highlight the topic under discussion (see Matthew 18:8)
for example, a nature miracle is a report of a powerful sign of performed by Jesus to show his mastery over the elements (see Luke 8:22-25)
a question or statement that teases the mind; it requires thought and application (see Matthew 11:11)
a vivid story told to convey religious truth, usually with a surprise ending (see Matthew 13:33)
a passage whose purpose is to set up an important saying (see Mark 3:1-5)
The literal sense
teaches history, for example, what the words say in a historical context.
The allegorical sense
teaches what you should believe, that is, what the words mean in the larger context of Salvation History.
The moral sense
teaches what you should do regarding how to live your life.
The anagogical sense
teaches where you are going, building up the virtue of hope while leading us to Heaven.