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vertical and horizontal integration

vertical integration is the process in which several steps in the production and/or distribution of a product or service are controlled by a single company or entity, in order to increase that company's or entity's power in the marketplace.

Horizontal: Horizontal integration (also known as lateral integration) simply means a strategy to increase your market share by taking over a similar company. This take over / merger / buyout can be done in the same geography or probably in other countries to increase your reach. ex: at&t cannot buy tmobile.

Social Darwinism

According to Social Darwinism, riches were a sign of gods favor and there for the poor must be lazy or inferior people who deserved their lot in life. a belief.

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

Factory Fire that killed over 100 workers, managers locked workers in room thought they were stealing and public was mad at jury for not finding factory owners guilty of manslaughter, factory owners put on trial.

four major labor events
Great Strike of 1877
Homestead Strike
Pullman Strike
Haymarket Riot

-RR workers struck to protest the 2nd wage cuts in two months. Army ended it because they were impending interstate commerce.

-struck because of police brutality impacted by 77 labor leaders continued pressing charge. Ended by prisoning strikers and hanging some.

-went on strike because of wage cut threat. (steelworkers) ended when national guard (army) decided to come in.

-started but cutting wages ended by president sending in federal troops.

socialism

The government owns/controls "M.O.P" (Means of Production-means you need to make stuff)

yellow-dog contract

state that you cannot join a union or you get fired, contract businesses have upcoming employees sign/agree.

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency:
-Had right to set and enforce pollution standards
-conduct environmental research
-the first clean air act was set in 1970

Silent Spring and The Population Bomb

a

Love Canal

A place in NY Niagra Falls and several neighborhoods were being sold or taken down to make a canal connecting two bodies of water but it failed. It began filling up with waste and Louis Gibbs children began getting diseases from it so they protested and kept members of the EPA hostage, Rachel Carson also helped this cause at a much earlier time.

eminent domain

The power to take private property for public use by a state, municipality, or private person or corporation authorized to exercise functions of public character, following the payment of just compensation to the owner of that property.

craft unions and industrial unions

craft: based on a craft ex.) blacksmith, barrel makers, carpenters

industrial: people who manufacture, ex.) a plumber would be all things around plumbing, manufacturing the pipes.

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