Traditional and contemporary theories of counseling

20 terms by CMHC 

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Psychoanalysis

Freud, (talk therapy) clients are encouraged to talk about how they feel freely.

psychic determinism

eveything we do or feel have a purpose or meaning

unconscious motivation

behavior derives from our unconscious awareness

3 anxieties

Moral, Neurotic, Reality

Defense Mechanisms

Repression, Regression, Rationalization, Reaction information, Introjection, Projection, Denial, Sublimation, Identification, Displacement, compensation

Transference

(psychoanalysis) the process whereby emotions are passed on or displaced from one person to another (ex: client transfering love onto the counselor)

adlerian therapy

psychosocial-learn about attitude toward life-main goal is confronting basic mistakes and assumption the clt holds and attempting to redirect them

fictional finalism

idea of who you want to be

guiding self idea

obsessed with being perfect

acting as if

clients act how they desire or wish but can't

spitting in the client soup

making their behavior less appealing in efforts of confronting them to change

paradoxical attention

increase the clients awareness of their ineffective behavior by exaggerating their symptoms.

stimulus generalization

neutral stimilus gets the same response as the conditioned response.
Ex: boy gets bitten by dogs becomes scared of any 4 legged animal

stimulus discrimination

being able to distinguish between 2 different things
Ex: child molestor and an appropriate touch

desensitize

to decrease a reaction

arbitrary inference

drawing conclusions without accurate supporting evidence.
Ex: failing a test and you drop out of the class bc you think you can't do the work

selective abstraction

basing one's thinking on a small detail taken out of context and given an incorrect meaning
Ex; letting one bad comment ruin your whole day

overgeneralization

making a general rule off of 1 experience
Ex; son comes home late and you fuss at him saying he's always late

Dichotomous thinking

Thinking in which things are perceived as "either/or"- for example, good or bad, big or small, right or wrong.

REBT

rational emotive behavior therapy, exposes and confronts the dysfunctional thoughts of the clients

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