Logic and Critical Thinking Wk 5

18 terms by sarahbell2007

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Aristotle has that heavy objects fall faster than light ones so it much be so.

appeal to authority
-appealing in an improper way to expert opinion

The majority of people like soda. Therefore, soda is good

Appeal to Crowd
- arguing that a view must be true because most people believe it.

You owe me big time because I really stuck my neck out for you.

Appeal to Emotion
-to stir up feeling instead of arguing logically

If you don't want to get beaten up, you will agree with what I say

Appeal to Force
-using threats to get a conclusion accepted

You are so stupid your argument couldn't possibly be true

Ad hominem
-attacking the person instead of the view

No one has proved that there are UFOs
Therefore there are no UFO's

Appeal to Ignorance
-arguing that a view must be false because no one has proved it.

Yellow is a color
Corn is yellow
So, corn is a color

Abiguous
-changes the meaning of a term or phrase within the argument

...

Beside the point
-arguing for a conclusion irrelevant to the issue at hand

We should either take all the Bible literally or none of it.

Black and white
-oversimplifying by assuming that one of two extremes must be true

God must have created the world since someone did.

circular
-assuming the truth of what has yet to be proved

Are you still beating your wife?

complex question
-asking a question that assumes the truth of something false or doubtful

Christians are peaceful, Muslins are terrorists.

false stereoptype
-assuming that members of a certain group are more alike than they are

Belief in God is explained because of one's need for a father figure.

genetic
-arguing that a view must be false because we can explain why you hold it

Those liberals believe in legalized same-sex marriages
Therefore we shouldn't legalize same-sex marriages

opposition
-arguing that a view must be false because our opponents believe it

You should vote for this candidate because she's intelligent and has much experience in politics.

pro-con
-an one-sided appeal to advantages and disadvantages

I ate tuna for lunch and aced my midterm
Therefor tuna made me ace my midterm

post hoc
-arguing that since A happening after B, thus A was caused by B

People like cake. People like icecream. People will like icecream cake.

Part-whole composition
-arguing that what applies to the part must apply to the whole

"Senator Jones says that we should not fund the attack submarine program. I disagree entirely. I can't understand why he wants to leave us defenseless like that."

straw man
-misrepresents a opponents view

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set