Aristotle has that heavy objects fall faster than light ones so it much be so.
appeal to authority
-appealing in an improper way to expert opinion
The majority of people like soda. Therefore, soda is good
Appeal to Crowd
- arguing that a view must be true because most people believe it.
You owe me big time because I really stuck my neck out for you.
Appeal to Emotion
-to stir up feeling instead of arguing logically
If you don't want to get beaten up, you will agree with what I say
Appeal to Force
-using threats to get a conclusion accepted
You are so stupid your argument couldn't possibly be true
-attacking the person instead of the view
No one has proved that there are UFOs
Therefore there are no UFO's
Appeal to Ignorance
-arguing that a view must be false because no one has proved it.
Yellow is a color
Corn is yellow
So, corn is a color
-changes the meaning of a term or phrase within the argument
We should either take all the Bible literally or none of it.
Black and white
-oversimplifying by assuming that one of two extremes must be true
God must have created the world since someone did.
-assuming the truth of what has yet to be proved
Are you still beating your wife?
-asking a question that assumes the truth of something false or doubtful
Christians are peaceful, Muslins are terrorists.
-assuming that members of a certain group are more alike than they are
Belief in God is explained because of one's need for a father figure.
-arguing that a view must be false because we can explain why you hold it
Those liberals believe in legalized same-sex marriages
Therefore we shouldn't legalize same-sex marriages
-arguing that a view must be false because our opponents believe it
You should vote for this candidate because she's intelligent and has much experience in politics.
-an one-sided appeal to advantages and disadvantages
I ate tuna for lunch and aced my midterm
Therefor tuna made me ace my midterm
-arguing that since A happening after B, thus A was caused by B
People like cake. People like icecream. People will like icecream cake.
-arguing that what applies to the part must apply to the whole