Webster's dictionary defines it as "A systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of articulate vocal sounds."
A more regional / Cultural way of talking.
A group of languages related through descendants from a previous ancestor
Close to a Language Family but more closely related.
Subfamilies that were divided into groups which consist of sets of individual languages.
A line drawn on a map around the area in which a linguistic feature is to be found, such as a particular pronunciation of a given word.
Where few people developed and made a language but never wrote it down.
Quality of is a matter of cultural identity and national concern.
Is determined by genetic relationships
Is a type of contact-induced change whereby languages with many bilingual speakers mutually borrow morphological and syntactic features, making their typology more similar.
Linguistic speciation, or linguistic divergence.
Language shift, sometimes referred to as language transfer or language replacement or assimilation, is the progressive process whereby a speech community of a language shifts to speaking another language.
Sound change includes any processes of language change that affect pronunciation (phonetic change) or sound system structures (phonological change)
Technique using the vocabulary of an extinct language to recreate the language that proceeded the extinct language.
Proto Indo European Nostratic
The unrecorded language from which all Indo-European languages are hypothesized to derive.
any member of the peoples living in North or South America before the Europeans arrived.
The family of languages comprising Inuit, Yupik, and Aleut.
An attempt to explain the pattern of agricultural land use in terms of accessibility , costs, distance, and prices.
The conquest theory is the idea that the proto-indo-european language family was spread through the conquest of neighboring states, and as they were conquered they adopted the conquering state's language.
A name derived from a place or region.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. Typically a nation's official language will be the one used in that nation's courts, parliament and administration.
Countries where only one language is spoken.
Countries in which more than one language is spoken.
A common language between two different language speakers.
An artificial language used for trade between speakers of different languages.
A person descended from French ancestors in southern United States (especially Louisiana).
An artificial language based as far as possible on words common to all the European languages.
The prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races.
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
A society in which different cultural groups keep their own identity, beliefs, and traditions.
Small, usually rural and ethnically homogeneous enclaves situated within a larger and more diverse cultural context.
A culturally shared trait that gives an ethnic or cultural group a strengthened sense of awareness and self-identity.
The process of continuous reinvigoration of cultural traits and behavior in communities geographically separated from their original source area.