began on May 25, 1787
how many men were present at the constitutional convention?
revise the articles of confederation
what was the original purpose of the constitutional convention?
who was chosen to preside over the constitutional convention?
to be able to speak freely
why were the meetings of the constitutional convention kept secret?
virginia plan and new jersey plan
what were the two opposing plans in the convention?
proposed a government with three branches: legislative branch, executive branch, and judicial branch. legislature will have two houses with states represented by population in each house. this plan appealed to the large states.
what was in the Virginia plan and which states did it appeal to?
called for three branches of government. legislature would have one house with each state having one vote which would give equal power to small and large states. this plan appealed to the small states.
what was in the New Jersey plan and which states did it appeal to? Who did it give power to?
meeting of the state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of a new constitution
the lawmaking branch of government
the branch of government that carries out laws
the branch of government that interprets laws
agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three-fifhts of other persons in determining representation in Congress
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
supporters of the constitution
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
those who opposed the ratification of the constitution
the opening section of the constitution
any change in the constitution
bill of rights
the first 10 amendments to the constitution
a tax on people's earnings
the notion that power lies with the people
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
separation of powers
the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
checks and balances
ability to check, or restrain, the power of the other branches of government of each branch
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
powers that the constitution does not give to the national government are kept by the states
powers shared by the state and federal governments
it proposed a senate and house of representatives. each state would have equal representation in senate and representation in the house would be based on population
what was the great compromise?
it proposed that every 5 enslaved people would count as 3 free people in determining representation in the house
what was the 3/5 compromise?
federalists supported the ratification of the constitution while anti-federalists opposed the ratification of the constitution
difference between federalists and anti-federalists
number of states it took to ratify the constitution and make it effective
which state was the last state to ratify the constitution and make it effective
preamble, articles, amendments
parts of the constitution
to tell why the constitution was written
what was the purpose of the preamble?
what does the 1st article deal with
what does the 2nd article deal with
what does the 3rd article deal with
number of amendments
proposal and ratification
the 2 steps of making an amendment
1. vote of 2/3 of congress (senate and house)
2. national convention requested by 2/3 of the state legislatures
what are the two ways that an amendment can be proposed?
how many of the state legislatures or special state conventions must ratify an amendment?
congress has the power to make all laws that are necessary and proper to carry out its duties (necessary and proper clause)
what are the implied powers
popular sovereignty, rule of law, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism
what are the five principles as the backbone of the constitution? (also study notes for each)