Art History Ch 6,7,8

23 terms by 13_lkaley

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Bi

a Chinese symbol of heaven in a jade disk

Bodhisattva

Deity who refrains from entering nirvana to help others

Chaitya

Buddhist assembly hall

Chakra Dharma

Wheel of law or "teaching"

Emperor Shih Huang Ti

Chinese emperor noted for 2 monumental projects: he began construction on the Great Wall of China and his great underground Tomb, discovered in 1974, with hundreds of terra-cotta statues of army

Forbidden City

Constructed in early 15th century (1407-1420) in the Ming dynasty. Only Chinese emperors and their officials were allowed into it. Yellow, the symbol of the Chinese royal family is the dominate color in Forbidden City-used for tile, decorations, even road bricks

Guang

a libation vessel that is covered

Kondo

In Japan, a hall used to spread Buddhist teachings

Mandala

a magical, geometric symbol of the cosmos, circular in shape

Mudra

a stylized and symbolic hand gesture in Buddhism and Hinduism

Nirvana

an after-life in which reincarnation ends and teh soul is absorbed into the supreme spirit also known as "Samsara"

Pagoda

a multi-story tower built over a sacred relic

Shiva, Vishnu, Devi

3 most important deities of Hinduism

Shiva

a Hindu god of destruction and creation

Siddhartha

the man who became Buddha Sakyamuni, "the enlightened one"

Stupa

a hemispherical Buddhist shrine

Sutra

an account of a sermon or dialogue involving the Buddha

Torana

a gateway near a stupa

Ukiyo-e

Japanese style woodblock prints of the Edo period depicting genre scenes usually featuring the urban life of the bourgeoisies with meticulous details of clothing

Urna

a circle of hair, usually symbolized as a dot, between the eyebrows of a Hindu or a Buddhist figure

Ushnisha

cranial bump- or stylized protuberance from Buddha's forehead, symbolizing superhuman consciousness

Yamato-e

a Japanese style of painting that uses only Japanese themes, has strong diagonal lines and with very little individuality of the facial features

Yin & Yang

complementary polarities. The YIN is cool, dark, soft, moist, weak and yielding. The YANG is hot, bright, hard, dry strong and unyielding

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