What was the Proclamation of 1763 and why did it anger the colonists?
a law prohibiting colonists to settle west of the Appalachien Mountains (so they couldn't fight with the Native Americans and disobey the treaty that England had signed protecting the Natives' land). They are angry because they fought for the ORV land and now they are prohibited from using it (colonists thinkhat onership of the land means using and farming it)
Were the colonists right to e angry about the Proclamation?
yes because they were the ones that fought, died, and were wounded in the war. they won the land so they should be able to have access to it.
What was the Stamp Act and why was it passed?
1765-tax on paper goods (documents, newspaper, playing cards). people in England already payed this tax. it was passed because England was in a lot of debt from the F&I War. England thinks that since the colonists were the ones that benifited from the war, they should help pay for it.
How did the colonists react to the Stamp Act?
they were extremely angry because they were used to not being taxed on anything they protested and boycotted English goods
What was the end result of the Stamp Act?
Sons of Liberty, it got repealed in 1766, colonists think they have learned that if they protest England will act in their favor
What was the Sons of Liberty?
a group of people (formed by John Adams and James Otis, but also include John Hancock, Sam Adams, and Paul Revere) that create the comitees of correspondance-they spread news of anti-British actions throughout the colonies.
What was the Quartering Act?
1766-colonists have to provide housing, bedding, drinks, etc. to English soldiers
How did New York and Boston react to the Quartering Act?
protests, riots, NY refuses to obey the law. Boston riots to support NY
What were the Townshend Acts?
1767-tax on paper, glass, and tea
What was a writ of assistance and how did it violate the colonists' rights?
gives British officials the right to search colonists' ships WITHOUT WARRENT because of smuggling
Describe what happened at the Boston Massacre.
March 5, 1770-teenage/young adult boys gathered outside a tax collecter's house and taunted the British officials inside. When they didn't respond, the boys began to throw snow and rocks. British captain Preston and soldiers came out to try to calm the situation down. Although Preston does not tell anyone to fire their guns, in all the panic one soldier shoots, making the others think they should as well. firefight breaks out and 5 people die.
Describe Paul Revere's cartoon, including its mistakes.
the cartoon is of British soldiers lined up shooting at a chaotic group of colonists. Rever made it to get colonists mad at British soldiers/England. Revere was part of the Sons of Liberty and wanted others to agree with his point of veiw. to do this, he exagerated many things in the cartoon-1.Preston didn't order the sodiers to fire, but the cartoon depicts him doing so 2.the people taunting the soldiers were young men, not middle aged men like shown 3.the shooting took place in front of the customs house, not in the middle of town in front of the butchers hall
Describe what happened at the Boston Tea Party.
December 16, 1773-colonists dress up as indians and board tea ships, tie up captain and crew and dump 340 tea chests into the Boston Harbor. over $1 million worth of tea was dumped. besides the tea, there was no destruction or violence. it was just a political protest
Why were the Intolerable Acts passed? What did they say? (four parts)
corrective acts (br)/intolerable acts (colonists) were passed to punish the colonists in Boston for the Boston Tea Party 1.colonists must pay for the ruined tea 2.Boston Harbor closed for buisness (cant get supplies/food-starvation) 3.suspend boston government (sent soldiers in to run the town) 4.new, strickter quartering act
What was the First Continental Congress and what did they decide?
June 1774-had a big meeting in Philadelphia. they demand repeal of intolerable acts, agree to work together against england, continue to send supplies/food to boston (giant colonial food drive). UNIFIED AGREEMENT TO FIGHT TOGETHER AGAINST ENGLAND