He established the Church of England when the pope refused to annul his marriage to Catholic of Aragon. His church of power was very similar to Catholicism, although after his death English officials attempted to make it more Protestant. His daughter came to power and attempted to restore Roman Catholicism.
King Henry VIII
Made Martin Luther an outlaw
The Edict of Worms.
an important intellectual movement of the Reniassance and was reflected in the works of Reniassance artists. It was based on the study of classics, revived of intrest in the ancient Latin but many authors wrote great works in the vernacular.
A dominican preacher that began condemning the corruption and excesses of the Medici family. Citizens turned to him because they were tired on medici's rule.
An eternal decree that means that God has predestined some people to be saved and others to be damned. Calvinists believed in this and they believed that they were doing God's work on Earth.
conquered Milan using an army of mercenaries and created wealth for the government by creating an effiecient tax system.
thought that external fors of medieval religion such as pilgrimages, fasts and relics were unnecessary and that inner piety derived from religious philosophy was more important.
Sought to reform the Catholic Church and Protestantism emerged. It paved the way for the Protestant Reformation
They believes that religion should be voluntary and that baptism occured as an adult, all believers were equal and any memeber could be come a minister, seperation of state and church and refused to bear arms or serve in the military positions. They were protestant reformers who did not want to give power to the state.
Whose masterpiece was the story of a soul's journey to salvation, called the Divine Comedy?
Describe the politcal philosophy set forth in Machiavelli's, The Prince. Explain the meaning of your answer.
He wrote about how to acquire and hold political power and stated how a ruler must put the state first and not focus on moral principles. He believed that morality had little to do with politics. Leader must do good when possible but evil when necessary.
Describe the treatment of the women during the Reformation and its meaning.
women were still subservient.and their roles were obidience to hsbands and to bear children.
What did Luther say are women's religious duties?
They were to obey their husbands and were to bear children.
According to Renaissance philosophy, what were the LIMITS on human achievement?
There were no limits.
Henry VIII asked Parliament to finalize the break of the Catholic Church in England with the pope in Rome.
This is what happened in 1534
Who founded the Jesuits?
Ignatius of Loyola
What did Christina humanists believe?
the ability oh human beings to reason and improve themselves. If you read the classics or the basics of christianity, they would become more pious.
She is best known for her works written in defense of women. She wrote The Book Of City of Ladies. She argued that women are capable of learning.What did Christine Pizan do?
He mastered the art of realistic painting and even dissected human bodies to better understand their workings. He wanted to advance beyond such relism to create idealized forms that captured the perfection of nature and the individual
What was the first Protestant faith?
It meant that Christian unity was forever lost. The end to religious warfare in Germany came in 1555 with the Peace of Augsburg. It accepted the division of christianity in Germany . It allowed the German states to choose between catholiicism and lutheranismpeace of augsburg
peace of augsburg
Calvins Reformation with Geneva in Switzerland
Who was the first to use frescos?