Chapter 9: The New Deal (1932 - 1941)

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Franklin D. Roosevelt

President of the US during Great Depression and World War II

Eleanor Roosevelt

wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights (1884-1962)

New Deal

the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented

Fireside chats

informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

New Deal program that hired unemployed men to work on natural conservation projects

National Recovery Administration (NRA)

Enforced codes that regulated wages, prices, and working conditions

Public Works Administration (PWA)

1933; set aside $3 billion to create jobs building roads, sewers, public housing units, and other civic necessities.

Francis Townsend

American physician and social reformer whose plan for a government-sponsored old-age pension was a precursor of the Social Security Act of 1935.

Father Charles Coughlin

a critic of the New Deal; created the National Union for Social Justice; wanted a monetary inflation and the nationalization of the banking system

Huey Long

Louisianna Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a , "Share the Wealth" wants to give $5k to all families ,was later assasinated

Second New Deal

a new set of programs in the spring of 1935 including additional banking reforms, new tax laws, new relief programs; also known as the Second Hundred Days.

Works Progress Administration

New Deal agency that helped create jobs for those that needed them. It created around 9 million jobs working on bridges, roads, and buildings.

John Maynard Keynes

British economist who thought deficit spending would create jobs and stimulate the economy.

pump priming

(HH) the spending of government funds in commercial enterprises, to stimulate the national economy

Social Security Act

created a tax on workers and employers. That money provided monthly pensions for retired people.

Wagner Act

1935, also National Labor Relations Act; granted rights to unions; allowed collective bargaining

Collective bargining

procees by which a union negoistes with management for a contract

Fair Labor Standards Act

1938 act which provided for a minimum wage and restricted shipments of goods produced with child labor

Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO)

a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955

sit-down strike

method of boycotting work by sitting down at work and refusing to leave the establishment

court packing

Where FDR tried to add more members to the Supreme Court to pass his programs.

Black Cabinet

group of African Americans FDR appointed to key Government positions; served as unofficial advisors to the president.

Mary McLeod Bethune

United States educator who worked to improve race relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans (1875-1955)

Indian New Deal

1930's legislation that gave Indians greater control of their own affairs and provided further funding for schools and hospitals.

New Deal Coalition

Alliance of southern conservatives, religious, and ethnic minorities who supported the Democratic Party for 40 years

welfare state

a system of government agencies and programs that provides benefits to the population

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