Eastern World Religions: Hinduism

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Fogharty period 3 2011

Puja

worship of the deities

Shakti

intense female energy of gods

Bhagauad Gita

hindu bible

Chakras

energy centers throughout the spine

Prana

The invisible life force

Kumdalin

potential/ latent spiritual energy

atman

a person's individual soul

Brahman

creator of all

Karma

all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life

Dharma

worldly duty

maya

cosmic illusion

Samsara

the cycle of life and death

Moksha

The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths, to become one with God

Ta tvam asi

Thou Art God

salt in water

atman in body but invisible

four stages of life

Student, Householder, Retired, Spiritual Pilgrim

four wants

pleasure, worldly success, duty, liberation

yoga

a method by which an individual may become united with the Reality

namaste

the God in me bows to the God in you

Samadhi

God realization transcendent experience of the mind

Vishnu

protector of the universe, wife: Lakshami. Has four arms, holds a conch shell, lotus flower, a discuss and a club

Rama

Ideal man, myth, name means "Joy"

Shiva

destroyer of the universe, dancing- showing energy flowing through the world. Parvarti is his wife

Avatar

Vishnu sends down energy for a human to be a savior when the world needs it

Ravana

king of the demons. could not be killed be a god so killed by Rama. kidnapped Sita

Lakshama

means "guardian", younger brother of Roma

Hanuman

the monkey god

Krishna

avatar of vishnu, often surrounded by cows and milkmaids, hero, performed many miracles

Parvarti

wife of Shiva, mixture of good and evil, kali and mother goddess

Kali

goddess of destruction who puts all end to illusion, wisdom and insight necessary to accept death as a natural process. Black one, frightening appearance

Ganesha

god of good luck and wisdom. he is the prime remover of obstacles, patron of learning

Saravati

Brahmin's wife, goddess of art, music and literature

OM

represents the three "really" wants and mimics the sound of the energy of God

Swastika

symbol of good luck

Lotus Flower

symbolizes enlightenment

Cows

sacred animal to the hindus

Ramayana

A Hindu epic written in Sanskrit that describes the adventures of the king Rama and Sita

mahabharta

One of the great epic poems of India that reflects the struggles of the Aryans as they moved south into India

the three REALLY wants

infinite being, infinite awareness, infinite bliss

Ganesha's objects

lasso- capture evil, blessing hand, sweet meats- sweetness of life, and axe

Shiva's objects

discus- circular energy, weapon against evil, Mundra- compassion,generosity, Tilak- body is a temple, looks like a U on the forehead, conch- symbolizes OM, balanced awareness, lotus- symbolic of spiritual conciousness, mace- war club,

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