Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

TAllmadge Amendment

-provided that no more slaves be brought into Missouri and the gradual emancipation of children born to slave parents already in Misouri (shot down by the Senate)
-South saw this as a threat/ North was starting to get more populous and prosperous

Missouri Compromise

-"solved" the Tallmadge Amendment
-Missouri would be atmitted a slave state while Main a free state (11:11 free/slave states -->12:12 free/slave states)
-36degrees30' line

36degrees30'line

any thing north of this was free, anything south would be slave.

Chief Justice John Marshall

helped bolster the power of the government at the expense of the states

McCulloch vs. Maryland

(1819) case involved Maryland's trying to destroy the Bank of America by taxing currency notes.
-Marshall denied Maryland's right to tax the bank
-gave the doctrine of "loose construction" using the elastic clause of the Constitution, saying it was meant to last for a long time so it was constructed loosely and be easily bent as time changed.

Cohens vs. Virginia

(1821) Cohens had been found guilty by Virginia courts of illegally selling lottery tickets.
-appealed to the Supreme Court, lost
-Marshall told Supreme Court to review the decisions of the state supreme courts in all questions involving powers of the federal governmnet.
-Federal Government won, states lost

GIbbons vs. Ogden

1824 When NY tried to grant a monopoly of waterborne commerce, Marshalll struck it down
-Marshall believed only Congress could control interstate commerce
-Another blow to the states rights **

Fletcher vs Peck

1810 Georgia granted private speculators 35 million acres {due to bribes} in the Yazoo River country (mississippi)/ in the next legislature, they gave in to public outcry and sought to cancel the transaction
-the Supreme Court, backed by Marshall, shot this down because this legislative grant was a CONTRACT and that state law forbade the "impairing" of contracts.

**result: it further protected property rights against popular pressures/ one of the earliest situations that the right of the Supreme Court to weaken state laws that go against federal Constitution

Dartmouth College vs. Woodward

best remembered decisions of Marshall's
-charter was given to the Dartmouth college by King George III in 1769 but New Hampshire state legislature wanted to change it.
-Marshall stated that this was an original charter and that Constitution protected constracts against state encroachments

**results: safeguarded businesses enterprise from domination by state government/ created precedent that enabled chartered corporations can escape the handcuffs of public control

Anglo-American Convention (1818)

treaty that put the northern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase at the 49th parallel and provided for a 10 yr joint occupation of the Oregon Territory wit Britain, without the surrender of rights and claim by neither Britain or America

Florida Purchase Treaty/ Adams-Onis Treaty

1819; Spain ceded Florida and shadowy claims to Oregon in return for America's abandonment of "claims" for Texas (which became Mexico
-caused the vague western boundary to be more clear

George Canning

British foreign secretary and asked the American minister if they wanted to join the British to renouncing any interest in Latin American territory

Monroe Doctrine

1823 born when Adams won against Monroe over to his way of thinking/
-stern warning to the European powers
1. noncholonization 2. nonintervention

War of 1812

known as the worst war that America fought ever! no burning national anger, American tried to get a divided and apathetic people into war, but it helped the Americans GAIN a renewed sense of nationhood and awakened a spirit of nationalism and protecting manufacturing to building roads and defending the authority of the federal government over the states

Battle of New Orleans

Jackson, got back from winning against southwest Indies at the Battle of Horsheo Bend and he won against the British while defending New Orleans
-the most devastating defeat for the British, who were overconfident

Congress of Vienna

where London was redrafting Napoleon's map of Europe while keeping an eye on France
-British demanded a Indian buffer state in Great Lakes Region/Control of the Great Lakes/ and a part of Maine
-these were declined by America

Treaty of Ghent

1814 armistace/ both sides agreed to stop fighting and restore all territory/ but there was no mention of Indian menaces, Orders in Council, impressment and confiscations

Hartford Convention

most manifestation of Federalist discontent
-when New Orleans capture seemed evident
-Mass.. called for convention at Hartford, Connecticut to discuss grievances and redress their wrongs
-less radical than the wild talk of seccession/ demanded financial asssistance from Washington

-the Hartford resolutions were the death song for the Federalists Party

Rush-Bagot agreement

between Britain and the United States/ limited naval armament on the Great Lakes
-resolution: let US and Canada share the world's longest unfortified boundary

Tarrif of 1816

first tarrif in primarily for protection

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set